Mine Action Cannot Wait - Stronger partnerships key to end the deadly legacy of war

March 28, 2023

Ms. Y Quyet in Quang Binh province: “The anxiety of landmines has always been with me".

UNDP Viet Nam

As published in Viet Nam Plus on 29 March, 2023

In the run up to a Regional Conference on Mine Action for Sustainable Peace and Development (29-30 March 2023), Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) Country Director Cho Han-Deog and UNDP Resident Representative Ramla Khalidi offer their perspectives.

Generations of Vietnamese, Cambodians and Laotians have lived in fear that their next step could be their last. 

Most of the 7.5 million tons of ordnance dropped during the conflict in the 1960s and 70s fell on Viet Nam. Half a century on from the signing of the Paris Peace Accords, a fifth of the country remains contaminated. Living next to minefields and contamination has internalized terror. “I found a mine at my back yard when I was gardening in 2009. The anxiety of landmines has always been with me,” said Y Quyet, a woman living in the rural Quang Binh province.

Over the past three decades, UNDP has worked on mine action in over 50 countries. The Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) has supported mine action in Viet Nam, Laos PDR (People’s Democratic Republic), and Cambodia as part of the Mekong Peace Community Programme. Unexploded ordnance not only threatens lives, but contamination also curtails the opportunity to farm and make a living, to prosper in peace and security. As Oscar-winner and UNDP Goodwill Ambassador Michelle Yeoh said at a Security Council meeting on Mine Action in 2021, “Mine action is linked to the Sustainable Development Goals, and it is important to look at the issue beyond square meters cleared.”

The Government of Viet Nam has pledged to end further accidents due to mines and unexploded ordnance by 2025. KOICA and UNDP are committed to supporting the government in realizing this goal. This means bringing an end to losing lives and limbs to this deadly legacy of war and to release contaminated land for development and productive use. In partnership with the Ministry of National Defense, KOICA and UNDP strengthen institutions to tackle the challenges posed by landmines, providing explosive ordnance risk education, data management, victim assistance, and undertaking clearance operations. 

In three years, the project has surveyed 17,000 hectares of land, equivalent to 20,000 football fields, and cleared 10,000 contaminated hectares. Meanwhile, 450,000 local people, especially children, have received education on the risk of unexploded ordnance.  KOICA and UNDP will continue supporting Mine Action, for instance supporting 10,500 farmers to apply smart-climate and resilient agriculture and upgrading or building 50 health stations.

People like Y Quyet can only imagine a life without fear and a chance to develop the land so that their children can prosper. Every day they wait for mine action teams to undertake the painstaking progress of clearing the land acre by acre. 

On 4 April, we mark International Day for Mine Awareness and Assistance in Mine Action with the message that mine action cannot wait. To accelerate progress, we must enhance regional and international cooperation to share ideas and technologies that can lead to concrete and long-lasting results on the grounds. 

In Cambodia, the government has started to use drones to detect landmines. In Viet Nam, an online registry and information management system for people with disabilities and unexploded ordnance survivors has been used to conduct an assessment in the country’s most contaminated provinces of Quang Binh and Binh Dinh. 

Our vision is a world free from the threat of landmines and unexploded ordnance. It is important that countries collaborate to spur innovation in the region to end the deadly legacy of unexploded ordnance. There is still much work to do to reduce risk and build a better future for mine-affected communities.