Development of the Fourth National Communication and the First Biennial Transparency Report of Montenegro to the UNFCCC
Climate Change Reporting
The Project is to assist the Government of Montenegro to perform the activities necessary to prepare the Fourth National Communication and the First Biennial Transparency Report (4NC/1BTR), thus to fulfil its obligations to the Convention as per decisions 1/CP.16 ,2/CP.17 and 18/CMA.1. It presents an opportunity to strengthen Montenegro’s capacities to meet its reporting obligations towards UNFCCC. In the absence of this project, the country is not likely to meet these obligations in time, i.e. it would be most likely missing critical and important milestones necessary for the country to meet national sustainable development goals.
This initiative, furthermore, provides the opportunity to produce evidence on interlinkages between climate change, gender equality and other socio-economic factors, advocate for participation of women in decision making processes, improve knowledge and strengthen national/local capacities to understand and assess intersection of climate change and specific needs of women and men, and mainstream gender equality principles along with mainstreaming climate change concepts in the development framework. All the beforementioned will contribute to development of gender-responsive climate change policies, and in turn to improvement of gender equality in the country.
Montenegro submitted its Initial National Communication (INC) in 2011. The report focused mainly on the preparation of a detailed inventory of GHG emissions, and a general description of steps taken or envisaged to implement the Convention. The report updated the national GHG inventory using the year 1990 as a base year and presented a trend analysis of the period 1990-2003. The Second National Communication (SNC) was prepared and submitted in May 2015. The report updated the national GHG inventory using the year 1990 as a base year and presented a trend analysis of the period 1990-2011. The SNC provides updated mitigation analysis, and updated analysis of vulnerable sectors and possible adaptation measures. The Third National Communication (TNC) was submitted to the UNFCCC Secretariat in October 2020. The communication updated the national GHG inventory with up-to-date recalculations for the period 1990-2017, in accordance with 2006 IPCC Guidelines. In parallel Montenegro, Montenegro worked on its Biennial Update Reports (BURs). The First BUR (FBUR) was developed and submitted in January 2016. The Second Biennial Update Report (SBUR) was submitted to the UNFCCC Secretariat in May 2019. The FBUR updated the national GHG inventory for the whole series 1990-2013, using IPPC 2006 Guidelines, while through the SBUR further improvement of the national GHG inventory 1990-2015 was done. The SBUR also covers Climate Change Mitigation and Action Plan as well as Development of Conceptual Framework for Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV). The Third Biennial Update Report (TBUR) was submitted in February 2022. With this project Montenegro initiated development of its Fourth National Communication and the First Biennial Transparency Report, to be submitted to the UNFCCC jointly by the end of 2024.
As a signatory to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change Montenegro has been obliged to regularly report towards UNFCCC Secretariat on, among other information: GHG Inventory, mitigation and adaptation climate actions, tracking the implementation and achievement of its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) under the Paris Agreement. With this project, Government of Montenegro will be assisted in the preparation and submission of its Fourth National Communication and its First Biennial Transparency Report for the fulfilment of the obligations under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and will update its GHG inventory un to 2021, as well as mitigation and adaptation actions and will furthermore report on its progress in implementation of its commitments specified in the Nationally Determined Contribution.