The Republic of Moldova will have a more robust climate change monitoring, verification and reporting system (MRV) and a law that will gradually abolish the use of so-called F-gases. The drafts of the two documents were consulted today with representatives of public institutions, civil society, academia, business and environmental journalists.
The amendments to the Government Decision on the MRV system and the draft law on the suppression of hydrofluorocarbons or F-gases were developed with the support of the EU4Climate project, funded by the European Union and implemented by UNDP.
Thereby, the monitoring, reporting and verification system on mitigation policies and measures will be complemented with the reporting requirements of the progress made in implementing the National Determined Contribution (NDC) and the Long-Term Low Carbon Development Strategy. Simultaneously, the Republic of Moldova will undertake to present the biennial report on the Paris Agreement Implementation every two years until 31December 2023 and a biennial transparency report, every two years, starting with 1 January 2024.
Those modifications transpose the Acquis Communautaire into national law, and the preparation of these reports will be supported by the Global Environment Facility.
“A robust, transparent and comprehensive monitoring, verification and reporting system (MRV) is key to achieve concrete results to address climate change. The EU aims to be climate-neutral by 2050 and this objective is at the heart of the European Green Deal, in line with the EU’s commitment to global climate action under the Paris Agreement. It is certainly reassuring to witness such important results achieved under the EU for climate initiative and I would like to congratulate the Republic of Moldova for joining the efforts of the EU in such a global endeavor,” said Christian Ballarò, Programme Officer for Energy and Climate Change at the EU Delegation to the Republic of Moldova.
The changes that are currently affecting the planet's climate are transforming the world. Scientists warn that unless urgent action is taken, global warming is likely to exceed pre-industrial levels with more than 2°C by 2060, and this exceedance could even reach 5°C by the end of the century.
The draft law on F-gases or hydrofluorocarbons contains regulations on the authorization system for the import of these substances and the equipment that operates on them, leak prevention, introduction of training and certification programs for enterprises and staff, reporting data on the import and consumption of these substances. The law is an instrument for fulfilling the country's obligations under the Montreal Protocol/Kigali Amendment, which stipulates the obligation of the Republic of Moldova to freeze F-gases consumption at the base level between 2024 and 2028, and then the gradual reduction of consumption with 80% by 2045. F-gases do not affect the ozone layer, but have a global warming potential up to 15 thousand times higher than CO2. Removing them from cooling and refrigeration systems will reduce global warming by up to 0.5 degrees Celsius.
The EU4Climate initiative is funded by the European Union and implemented by the United Nations Development Programme. The project supports countries in implementing the Paris Agreement on climate change and improving climate policy and legislation. Its ambition is to limit the effects of the climate and make citizens more resilient to them. It will help Eastern Partnership countries integrate low-emission and climate resilience targets into development policies and plans, to improve and strengthen climate policies and legislative alignment.