Supporting Implementation of Kigali Amendment


This project aims to completely eliminate hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) and Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). In doing so, it will replace the HCFCs and HFCs charged air-conditioners and refrigeration systems with available HFC free and low Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emission technologies.  


A significant increase in the import of HFCs has been observed in recent years. The import control of HCFCs accompanied with the ban on HCFC based equipment in December 2015 could be responsible for it. According to the ODS survey carried out in the Maldives in 2016, with the start of HPMP implementation in 210 and subsequent enforcement of regulations, the percentage of HCFC consumption and consumption of ODS alternative refrigerants decreased. The report states that the consumption level of HCFCs at the end of 2015 was at 40% while ODS alternative accounts for 60% of the total refrigerants consumed in the country.  

The ODS alternative Survey shows that  the commonly used HFC blends in the Maldives are R-404A, R407C, R410A, R417A and occasionally consumed HFC blends are R-507C and R-438 A. HFC 134a which is reported to be the most commonly used HFC. It accounts for 13% 13% of the total refrigerant consumed; and 31% of the total ODS alternatives consumed in the Maldives. The project exhibits that the overall growth of ODS alternatives used in the Maldives is 15% per annum for the period 2016-2030; R-410A is projected to have the highest annual growth followed by R-407C, 48% and 18% respectively; R134a and R-404A is projected to grow over 200% by 2030 and R-407C and R-410A is expected to grow over 380% by 2030 from the consumption levels in 2015. Consumption of all ODS alternatives are projected to grow more than 250% during the 2016-2030 period.  

Major Achievements

  • Replacement of 200+ A/C units in Maldivian schools with better and efficient environmentally friendly alternatives.  

Project Outcomes:

This project aims to completely eliminate HCFCs and HFCs by replacing HCFCs and HFCs charged air-conditioners and refrigeration systems with available HFC free and low GHG emission technologies.