Bosnia and Herzegovina ratified the Paris Agreement on climate change in March 2017, committing to limit global warming to well below 2, preferably to 1.5 degrees Celsius, compared to pre-industrial levels.

With technical support from UNDP and Global Environment Facility (GEF) funds, Bosnia and Herzegovina developed its enhanced Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), a cornerstone of the Paris Agreement. NDCs set demanding targets of reducing greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions by almost two-thirds by 2050 compared to 1990, and call for ambitious actions in sectors such as energy generation, transport, industrial processes, waste, etc.

As defined in Article 13 of the Paris Agreement, Bosnia and Herzegovina has an obligation to report on its progress towards the NDC and on other aspects of climate change action based on improved transparency frameworks.

The CBIT project supports the country to:

  1. Enhance coordination between relevant institutions to improve monitoring and reporting practices, 

  2. Establish a domestic system of climate change monitoring, reporting and verification in accordance with Article 13 of the Paris Agreement, 

  3. Improve GHG emissions inventory and the NDC,

  4. Strengthen and harmonize legislation in the field of monitoring, reporting and verification, 

  5. Integrate gender mainstreaming into monitoring, reporting and verification, 

  6. Encourage regional cooperation between relevant institutions.

Project objective

The overall objective of the project is to support Bosnia and Herzegovina to develop its institutional and technical capacity to meet the transparency reporting requirements of the Paris Agreement.

Project components

Under Component 1, the project introduced simplified monitoring, reporting and verification system (MRV) for the collection, analysis and reporting of climate change-related data, which will rely on existing databases and reduce the number of reports required by individual government actors. The composition of monitoring, reporting and verification adheres to the principles of the European Environment Agency's Joint Environmental Information System (SEIS). 

Building on activities under Component 1, the project addressed organizational and individual barriers for transparency in Component 2, focusing on training, exchanges between related institutions and accompanying forms and guidelines to enable continuous capacity building and optimal use of the MRV system.


2021 - 2023

Global Environment Facility (GEF)

USD 1,200.000

Main partners:
Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH, Ministry of Spatial Planning, Civil Engineering and Ecology of Republika Srpska, Federal Ministry of Environment and Tourism, Environmental Protection and Energy Efficiency Fund of Republika Srpska, Federal Environmental Protection Fund, Hydro-meteorological institutes of Republika Srpska and of Federation of BiH.