Third National Communication on Climate Change


The project will enable Montenegro to fulfil its commitments under UNFCCC and prepare and submit the TNC to the Conference of Parties of the UNFCCC. Further, it will assist in building national capacities to fulfil Montenegro’s commitments under the Convention on a continuous basis, while it will additionally increase the awareness on climate change issues particularly among policy-makers leading to full integration of climate considerations into national and sectoral polices, strategies and programmes.


The key objectives of the project are the following[1]:

  1. Meeting the reporting requirements under Article 4 and 12 of the Convention; and
  2. Capacity building and enhancement of the national technical and institutional capacities in:
  • data collection, processing, archiving interpretation, and dissemination for GHG inventory,
  • development of mitigation and adaptation actions,
  • integrating climate change issues into sectoral and national development priorities.

Project objectives are directly linked to SDG 13.


The TNC implementation shall facilitate the following:

  • Further upgrading and improving the national GHG inventory system, by filling out the gaps and minimizing the uncertainties from the previous inventories. This is particularly related to agriculture, waste and forestry input data.
  • Assessment of potential options to mitigate the increase in GHG emissions and to enhance removals by sinks will update existing and develop new mitigation measures taking into account long-term projections, up to 2030. The new mitigation measures will provide good platform for development of GHG projections upgraded scenarios and obtaining more precise calculation of GHG savings potential;
  • Development of the analysis of options to adapt to the impacts of climate change with special attention to adequate adaptation for public health, water management and agriculture, because these sectors have not been properly assessed earlier;
  • Addressing the capacity building needs and involvement of stakeholders, both on national and local level, within the context of a shared vision on climate change adaptation and mitigation;
  • Continuation of awareness raising activities on climate change that interact with targeted audiences of various age groups including students, teachers, governmental officials, private sector, non-government organizations, civil society and general public;
  • Mainstreaming gender perspectives through collecting and analysing gender disaggregated data in relation to climate change. The data will be used in defining specific gender needs and proposing actions to promote women’s participation in defining mitigation and adaptation strategies;
  • Updating an assessment of financial and technological requirements for climate change studies, research, monitoring, education, training and awareness raising institutional strengthening and climate change policy development will be elaborated, publicize findings and promote national communication.


It is expected that by May 2020, Third National Communication will be developed and adopted by the Government of Montenegro, including most up to date information in relation to:

  • National circumstances related to climate change (data on population, land, economy, climate, institutional arrangements, relevant national strategies etc),
  • GHG Inventory (two additional years, 2016-2017, and recalculation of previous time series where needed),
  • Mitigation options and projections up to 2030,
  • Most recent climate models and related adaptation measures in selected sectors,
  • Review of technological, capacity building and financial needs and gaps.

Relevant chapters will be compiled into one document/report and submitted to the UNFCCC Secretariat.    

[1] Project is prepared in line with the GEF 6 Focal Area Objective “CCM-3: Foster Enabling Conditions to Mainstream Mitigation Concerns into Sustainable Development Strategies, Programme 5: Integrate findings of Convention obligations and enabling activities into national planning processes and mitigation targets.”

Project webpage



May 2016


May 2020






United Nations Development Programme


Global Environment Fund Truste






Full Project information