|2019 – 2023
|Republic of Moldova
|Ministry of Environment and its subordinated institutions, such as Environment Agency, Environment Inspectorate, State Hydrometeorological Service etc.
|Climate Change, Environment & Energy
|State Chancellery, Ministry of Infrastructure and Regional Development, Ministry of Energy, Ministry of Finance, Energy Efficiency Agency, the Public Institution Environmental Project Implementation Unit", EU4Energy, EU4Environment, Energy Community, International Energy Agency, GIZ etc.
|See more information about the project on the transparency portal.
Climate change has emerged as one of the most important issues facing the humanity in the 21st century. Countries’ climate pledges towards the 2015 Paris Agreement on Climate Change or Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) provide a framework for guiding national action on climate change mitigation and adaptation. Accelerating climate action requires system-level transformations supported by leadership at the highest levels and by diverse coalitions across all sectors of society.
EU4Climate Project will help governments in five EU Eastern Partner (EaP) countries Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine to take action against climate change.
The project goal is to contribute to climate change mitigation and adaptation and to the development towards a low-emissions and climate-resilient economy in line with the 2015 Paris Agreement on Climate Change in all six EU EaP countries. It will assist respective countries to integrate the low-emissions and climate resilience objectives into development policies and plans, to improve and consolidate climate policies and legislative alignment. Its ambition is to limit climate change impact on citizens lives and make them more resilient to it.
By these outcomes the Republic Moldova intends to integrate the low-emissions and climate resilience objectives into development policies and plans, as well as to promote in larger extent the economic diversification and green growth, thus accelerating the structural transformations through more effective governance systems.
The scope of the initiative was defined in cooperation with all partner countries. The initiative builds on important achievements of past cooperation programmes, such as EU Clima East Programme, which supported Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in Neighborhood East, completed in 2017, as well as on the Low Emission Capacity Building Programme, which supported the establishment of a robust national system to account greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and the establishment of a Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) system for the Low Emission Development Strategy (LEDS) and the prioritized domestic National Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs), completed in 2016. The EU4Climate takes also into account the enhanced cooperation endorsed as part of "20 Deliverables for 2020" at the EU Eastern Partnership Summit in November 2017.
The initiative is implemented by the United Nations Development Programme. The Directorate-General for Neighborhood and Enlargement Negotiations (DG NEAR) and Directorate-General for Climate Action (DG Clima) of the European Commission provides the overall direction.
- To contribute to climate change mitigation and adaptation and to the development towards a low-emissions and climate-resilient economy in line with the 2015 Paris Agreement on Climate Change in all six EU EaP countries;
- To assist EU EaP countries to integrate the low-emissions and climate resilience objectives into development policies and plans, to improve and consolidate climate policies and legislative alignment;
- To limit climate change impact on citizens lives and make them more resilient to it.
- Updated Nationally Determined Contributions and their submission to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC);
- At political and technical levels, improved inter-institutional awareness and coordination on the Paris Agreement with the corresponding national commitments;
- Strengthened MRV systems, with countries getting on track with Paris Agreement transparency requirements;
- Advanced alignment with EU climate acquis as provided by bilateral agreements with EU and in the context of Energy Community Treaty on climate matters that are not covered by the EU4Energy programme;
- Developed sectoral guidelines for the implementation of the Paris Agreement in each of the Eastern Partnership Countries;
- Increased mobilization of climate finance (potential Neighbourhood Investment Platform (NIP)/National Indicative Programme (NIP) proposals and domestic resources);
- Adoption of national and sectoral adaptation plans.
- The updated National Determined Contribution (NDC) was developed, with support of the project, and submitted to UNFCCC on 4 March 2020, Moldova being the 4th country in the world to submit it;
- The report on strategic environmental assessment for the low-emissions development program of the Republic of Moldova until 2030 and the action plan for its implementation were developed;
- The Low Emissions Development Strategy 2030 was updated and approved. The document is based on the more ambitious GHG emissions reduction targets established in the updated NDC;
- 3 Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plan (SECAP) for the Cahul municipality, Văleni and Giurgiulești were developed;
- The existing monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) system for Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions and other Information Relevant to Climate Change was reviewed and the amendments to the legal MRV framework on track with the Enhanced Transparency Framework (ETF) of the Paris Agreement were drafted and approved by government decision No. 358 in 2021;
- The Law on F-gases was drafted based on the European Union Regulation No 517/2014 on fluorinated greenhouse gases and has been adopted by Parliament of Moldova in March 2023. According to the previsions of the new law on fluorinated greenhouse gases, the Republic of Moldova will gradually reduce, starting 1 January 2024, the import and consumption of fluorinated greenhouse gases and will replace them with natural cooling agents;
- The draft legal package on the legislative framework to the provisions of the approved F-gases Law was drafted and approved by government on 8 November 2023;
- The draft Regulation on monitoring, reporting and verification of GHG emissions from stationary installations and aviation activity was developed;
- The Regulatory Impact Assessment of the draft Regulation on the verification of data and on the accreditation of verifiers pursuant to Directive 2003/87/EC was drafted;
- A gap analysis against the EU acquis on Climate Actions was performed and a Roadmap for legislative alignment has been developed with support of EU4Climate Project and the Energy Community Secretariat;
- The National Plan for Waste Management 2023-2027 and the waste legislation was revised in order to integrate climate change considerations and identify measures to reduce GHG emissions from the waste sector at the national level;
- The recommendations for Mainstreaming Climate Change Issues into Energy Sector’s Policies, Strategies and Programmes of Moldova were developed;
- The EU4Climate has assisted in preparing the Action Plan for implementing the Roadmap for Moldova’s alignment with climate acquis which anticipates the full transposition of the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) Directive;
- The EU Regulation 2003/87 on ETS was partially transposed in the national legislation;
- The Concept for development of Climate Law and draft Climate Actions Law was developed;
- The Regulatory Impact Assessment of the Climate Actions Law was developed;
- The guideline on climate change mainstreaming into waste sector policies was developed as support material for a series of dedicated trainings to facilitate the implementation of the Paris Climate Agreement at sectoral level in the Republic of Moldova. It includes information on how to measure the impact on climate change resulting from this sector, and how can these impacts be mitigated. It includes an analysis of the interaction between the effects of climate change and the development of waste management infrastructure;
- Capacity building on the MRV implementation by training relevant stakeholders on GHG inventory: MRV training on implementation of the quality assurance/quality control system, MRV system for waste sector, energy sector, private sector and land use, land-use change and forestry sector.