Lebanon Host Communities Support ‎(LHSP)

Lebanon Host Communities Support ‎(LHSP)

Summary

Following the spill-over from the Syria war and the influx of over one million refugees into Lebanon, and in light of multiple protracted socio-economic crises in the country, the UNDP Lebanon Host Community Support Project (LHSP) was established to strengthen social stability, support livelihoods, and mitigate inter and intra communal tensions and conflicts at the level of vulnerable communities affected by the crises. 

Through an area-based approach, LHSP identifies projects and analyses root causes on tension through a participatory and conflict-sensitive methodology called the Mechanisms for Stability and Local Development (MSLD). Through short to medium and longer-term sustainable solutions, LHSP contributes to building trust towards development planning, reducing competition for basic services in vulnerable communities, supporting local economic development, and income generation opportunities, while also focusing on enhancing the capacities of key local actors, such as municipalities and civil society organizations, to strengthen local governance and promote anti-corruption behaviours and incentives. 

Background

Lebanon continues to host the largest refugee per capita population in the world as it also faces a number of protracted crises including: a financial and economic crisis that has induced systemic macro-financial failures; an exchange rate collapse; triple digits inflation rates; a severe economic contraction; effects of the COVID-19 pandemic; and the Beirut Port Blast that destroyed many neighbourhoods in the capital in August 2020. The recent unfolding situation in Lebanon at the political, economic, and financial levels is further increasing the pressures on the population residing in the country. 

Tension monitoring data in 2021  shows a dramatic increase in risks to social stability both at the intercommunal (Lebanese - Syrian) and intracommunal (Lebanese – Lebanese) levels, deteriorating community insecurity with increasing incidents, increased politicization of the refugee case, surge in hate speech on social media, increased sectarian and political strife, and increased vulnerability.

Women and vulnerable groups (youth, people with disabilities, migrant workers) remain subject to disparities and unequal conditions. According to UN Women, Lebanon has amongst the lowest global rates of women’s labour market participation, hovering at 29%. Risks of gender-based violence are further exacerbated due to COVID-19 effects.

Amid this context, local authorities have been struggling to respond to the needs and issues within their domains. Hence, there is a need to plan investment in a strategic manner and in coordination with the relevant stakeholders to support municipalities in the delivery of strategic services, and to invest in governance strategies including corruption risk management, financial accountability, and transparency to enhance their credibility and strategic role at the local and national levels.

Collaborating Partners:‎

  • Ministry of Social Affairs ‎
  • Ministry of Interior and Municipalities
  • Council for Development and Reconstruction
  • Line Ministries (Energy and Water, Agriculture, Environment… etc.)‎
  • Governorates, Municipalities, and Unions of Municipalities
  • Civil Society Organizations and NGOs
  • Private Sector

Major achievements

From 2014-2021: 

  • Over 2.9 million beneficiaries reached 
  • 667 projects implemented in the sectors of Basic Services and Livelihoods 
  • in 245 municipalities and 26 clusters/unions of municipalities

Adaptive Response 2020-2021 

UNDP implemented a non-health response to COVID-19 through supporting 347 SMEs, 109 Cooperatives, 2,834 farmers, and 24 CBOs in the sectors of agriculture, agro-food, forest management, and PPE production. The interventions generated more than 600,000 worker days out of which 30% for women. 

UNDP supported eight Government-led isolation centres all over Lebanon to address the health hazard of COVID-19 through the following activities: rehabilitation works, procurement of non-medical equipment, coverage of fuel and electricity costs, food distribution and cleaning services. The centres served a total of 383 patients within August and December 2020.

In response to the Beirut Blast of August 4, LHSP:

  • Supported the rehabilitation and equipment of 64 shops damaged by the blast in the area of Karantina
  • Provided cash assistance for stock recovery to 83 businesses
  • Supported the restoration of livelihoods through supporting the recovery of local micro and small enterprises affected by the Beirut Blast in the sectors of hospitality, design and crafts, food production, and retail (40-50 local MSMEs and entrepreneurs in the areas of Karantina, Geitawi, Rmeil, and Medawar) 

Project Outcomes

The project aims to:

  • Strengthen the capacity of local stakeholders to assess and respond to the needs of the community in the design and delivery of interventions in a conflict-sensitive and participatory manner.
  • Reduce competition for basic services in vulnerable communities
  • Generate income for vulnerable Lebanese and Syrian refugees through intensive labour activities supporting rapid employment schemes
  • Increase jobs opportunities particularly for vulnerable women, disabled persons, and youth

GESI Component:

LHSP aims to place gender equality at the heart of its approach. Interventions are planned at the individual, community and cluster levels to respond to women’s practical and strategic needs. This includes improving women’s access to and ability to benefit from inclusive and gender-responsive infrastructure, supporting women’s participation in decision-making, and promoting women’s access to and control of economic resources and opportunities. These factors, in turn, support women in earning and controlling a liveable income towards building greater resilience to economic shocks and risks.

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Impact

START DATE

March 2012

END DATE

June 2023

STATUS

Completed

PROJECT OFFICE

Lebanon

IMPLEMENTING PARTNER

United Nations Development Programme

DONORS

AGENCIA CATALANA DE COOP AL DESARROLLO

AJUNTAMENT DE BARCELONA

AreaMetropolitana de Barcelona

DEPARTMENT FOR INT'L DEVELOPMENT (DFID)

Dept of Forgn Afrs Trade & Dev

EUROPEAN COMMISSION

FONS CATALA DE COOPERACIO

GOVERNMENT OF DENMARK

GOVERNMENT OF ECUADOR

GOVERNMENT OF ITALY

GOVERNMENT OF JAPAN

GOVERNMENT OF MONACO

GOVERNMENT OF NETHERLANDS

GOVERNMENT OF NORWAY

GOVERNMENT OF REPUBLIC OF KOREA

GOVERNMENT OF UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

HOWARD KARAGHEUSIAN COMMEMORATIVE CORPORATION

INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION

KREDITANSTALT FUR WIEDERAUFBAU

MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS

MPTF -LEBANON RECOVERY FUND

Solidarite & development Rural

TAVOLA VALDESE ROMA - OTTO PER MILLE

UN HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR REFUGEES

UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND

UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME

US Department of State

UnSpecified

TOTAL CONTRIBUTIONS

$250,274,126

DELIVERY IN PREVIOUS YEARS

2012$49,982

2013$3,545,814

2014$8,910,130

2015$13,175,381

2016$29,969,995

2017$21,197,356

2018$25,409,966

2019$27,145,630

2020$19,868,830

2021$24,023,090

2022$26,315,126

2023$16,639,007

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