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COVID-19

Socio-economic impact

 

The UN’s Framework for the Immediate Socio-Economic Response to the COVID 19 Crisis warns that “The COVID-19 pandemic is far more than a health crisis: it is affecting societies and econ­omies at their core. While the impact of the pandemic will vary from country to country, it will most likely increase poverty and inequalities at a global scale, making achievement of SDGs even more urgent.

Assessing the impacts of the COVID-19 crisis on societies, economies and vulnerable groups is fundamental to inform and tailor the responses of governments and partners to recover from the crisis and ensure that no one is left behind in this effort.

Without urgent socio-eco­nomic responses, global suffering will escalate, jeopardizing lives and livelihoods for years to come. Immediate development responses in this crisis must be undertaken with an eye to the future. Development trajectories in the long-term will be affected by the choices coun­tries make now and the support they receive.”

The United Nations has mobilized the full capacity of the UN system through its 131 country teams serving 162 countries and territories, to support national authorities in developing public health preparedness and response plans to the COVID-19 crisis.

Over the next 12 to 18 months, the socio-economic response will be one of one of three critical components of the UN’s COVID-19 response, alongside the health response, led by WHO, and the Global Humanitarian Response Plan.

As the technical lead for the socio-economic response, UNDP and its country offices worldwide are working under the leadership of the UN Resident Coordinators, and in close collaboration with specialized UN agencies, UN Regional Economic Commissions and IFIs, to assess the socio-economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on economies and communities. The assessment reports available on this site contain the preliminary findings of regional and country analyses.

Massive production disruptions that started in China have led to a lower supply of goods and services that reduces overall hours worked, leading to lower incomes.

Photo:
UNDP China

Briefs and Reports

 

Brief #2: Putting the UN Framework for Socio-Economic Response to COVID-19 into Action: Insights

Across the globe, the UN is supporting countries in preparing assessments of the socio-economic impacts of Covid-19. What are these assessments saying and what are the key socio-economic issues caused by the pandemic that the UN and its partners are seeing on the ground?

On behalf of the UN, UNDP prepares the monthly briefs Putting the UN Framework for Socio-Economic Response to Covid-19 Into Action exploring latest trends and providing key insights and analysis on the socio-economic impacts of Covid-19 on economies and societies.

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Africa

 
AngolaSocio-Economic Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Angola (3.5 MB)
Socio-Economic Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Angola: Brief Analysis
BotswanaSocio-Economic Impact Analysis (1.6MB)
Burkina FasoBriefing socio-économique du COVID-19 au Burkina Faso (FR) (425.3 kB)
BurundiSocio-Economic Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Burundi (FR) (737 kb)
Central African RepublicEvaluation de l’impact socio-économique de la pandémie de coronavirus (Covid-19) en République Centrafricaine (FR) (784.0 kB)
CameroonEffets socioéconomiques potentiels du COVID-19 au Cameroun (FR) (859.0 kB)
ChadEtude d'impact socioéconomiques de la COVID-19 au Tchad (FR) (1.5 MB)
ComorosSocio-Economic Impact of COVID-19 in Comoros (45MB)
Congo (République Démocratique)Impacts sanitaires et socioéconomiques de la COVID-19 (4.8 MB)
Congo (Republic of)Effets socioéconomiques potentiels du COVID-19 en République du Congo (FR) (1.6 MB)
Côte d'IvoireEvaluation de l’impact du COVID-19 sur l’activite des entreprises du secteur formel en Côte d'Ivoire (FR) (6.71Mb)
Evaluation de l’impact du COVID-19 sur le secteur informel en Côte d'Ivoire (FR) (6.7 MB)
Mesure de l’impact socio-économique du covid-19 sur les conditions de vie des ménages en Côte d’Ivoire (FR) (6.08Mb)
Equatorial GuineaBilan Macroéconomique Rapide des effets du Covid-19 en Guinée Équatoriale (2.3 MB)
EritreaThe socio-economic impacts of COVID-19 in Eritrea: Preliminary findings (8.8 MB)
EswatiniRapid Socio-economic Assessment of COVID-19 in Eswatini (8.7 MB)
GabonImpact socio-économique du coronavirus (COVID-19) (1.5 MB)
GhanaNews Brief: How COVID-19 is affecting firms in Ghana (429kb)
GuineaAnalyse Preliminaire Multisectorielle de l'impact Socio-économique du COVID-19 en Guinée (608kb)
Guinea-BissauSocio-Economic Impact of COVID-19 in Guinea-Bissau (538 kB)
GuineaAnalyse Preliminaire Multisectorielle de l'impact Socio-économique du COVID-19 en Guinée (608kb)
The GambiaPolicy Brief 1: Socio-Economic Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic in The Gambia (131.9 kB)
Policy Brief 2: Impact of COVID-19 on The Gambia's Tourism Sector (538.8 kB)
Briefing Note: COVID-19 Impact on Tourism in The Gambia (237.5 kB)
KenyaSocio-Economic Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Kenya (604.3 kB)
LesothoAssessment of the Socio-Economic Impact of COVID-19 on the Kingdom of Lesotho (8.4 MB)
MadagascarSocio-Economic Impact of COVID-19 in Madagascar (1.7 MB)
Note sur l'Impact du COVID-19 sur l'Economie de Madagascar (1.6 MB)
MalawiCOVID-19 Pandemic in Malawi (1.3 MB)
MaliAnalyse rapide des impacts socio-économiques du COVID-19 au Mali (915k)
Mauritius & SeychellesAn Assessment of the Socio-Economic Impact of COVID-19 in Seychelles
MozambiqueUnpacking the Potential Socio-Economic Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Mozambique - UN in Mozambique (599.6 kB)
NigerPlan de contingence Inter-Agences pour la préparation et la réponse à la pandémiedu coronavirus COVID-19
NigeriaBriefing Paper 1: Socio-Economic Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Nigeria
Briefing Paper 2: Potential Impact of COVID-19 on Nigeria's North East Region
RwandaThe Socio-Economic Impact of COVID-19 in Rwanda (4.4 MB)
Sao Tome and PrincipeImpacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Sao Tome and Principe (2.13 MB)
SenegalImpact socioéconomique de la pandémie de la COVID-19 au Sénégal (FR) (1.9 MB)
Sierra LeoneAssessment of the Socio-Economic Impacts of COVID-19 in Sierra Leone (1.1 MB)
South AfricaSocio-Economic Impacts of COVID-19 in South Africa (3.6 MB)
TanzaniaSocio-Economic Impact assessment in Tanzania (1.21 MB)
Policy brief on Socio-Economic Impact Assessment in Tanzania (628kb)
TogoAnalyse des impacts de la pandémie COVID-19 sur l’économie et les conditions socio-économiques des ménages et des groupes vulnérables (FR) (1.6 MB)
UgandaSocio-Economic Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Uganda (3.3 MB)
ZimbabwePreliminary Socio-Economic Impact Assessment on the COVID-19 Pandemic in Zimbabwe (713.4 kB)
RegionalThe Impact of the COVID-19 Outbreak on Governance, Peace and Security in the Horn of Africa
  

Arab States

Compounding Crises: Will Covid-19 and Lower Oil Prices Prompt a New Development Paradigm in the Arab Region
JordanJordan Enterprise Report
LebanonRapid assessment of the impact of COVID 19 on vulnerable workers and small scale enterprises in Lebanon
SudanCOVID-19 Socio-Economic Impact Assessment for Sudan
TunisiaImpact Economique du COVD-19 en Tunisie (FR) (5.3 MB)
YemenA Strategic Framework for an Immediate Socio-Economic Response to COVID-19 in Yemen (2020 - 2021)
  

Asia Pacific

The Social and Economic Impact of COVID-19 in the Asia-Pacific Region
Addressing the COVID-19 Economic Crisis in Asia through Social Protection
AfghanistanAfghanistan COVID-19 impact: short term disruptions and policy considerations (462 kB)
Afghanistan Coronavirus Socio-Economic Impact Assessment
BangladeshSocio-Economic Assessment of COVID – 19 under National Urban Poverty Reduction Programme
BhutanRapid Socio-Economic Impact Assessment of COVID-19 on Bhutan's Tourism Sector
CambodiaCOVID-19 Economic and Social Impact Assessment in Cambodia
ChinaAssessment Report on Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Chinese Enterprises
IndonesiaImpacts of COVID-19in Target 75 Fisheries (1.4 MB)
MaldivesAddressing the Socio-Economic Impact of COVID-19 on the Maldives (795 kB)
MongoliaRapid socio-economic impact assessment of COVID-19 prevention measures on vulnerable groups and value chains in Mongolia
MyanmarA UN framework for the immediate socio-economic response to COVID-19 in Myanmar
COVID-19 and Rural Farmers in the Dry Zone of Myanmar (1MB)
Rapid Socio-Economic Impact of COVID-19 on Rural Communities in Rakhine (2.6 MB)
NepalRapid Assessment of the Social and Economic Impacts of COVID-19 on the vulnerable groups in Nepal
Pacific Office in FijiSocio-Economic Impact Assessment of COVID-19 in Fiji (Full Report)
Socio-Economic Impact Assessment of COVID-19 in Fiji (Summary)
PakistanCOVID-19–Pakistan Socio-Economic Impact Assessment and Response Plan (2.5 MB)
Papua New GuineaSocio-Economic Impact Assessment of COVID-19 on Papua New Guinea (9.1 MB)
PhilippinesMSME Value Chain Rapid Response Survey

#TAWIDCOVID - A pulse on poverty: application of citizen-centered innovation
Timor-LesteSocio-Economic Impact Assessment of COVID-19 in Timor-Leste
VietnamRapid Assessment of the Socio-economic impact of COVID-19 on persons with disabilities in Viet Nam
  

Europe and Central Asia

COVID-19 and Central Asia: Socio-economic impacts and key policy considerations for recovery
ArmeniaSocio-economic impact assessment of the COVID-19 outbreak in Armenian communities
Bosnia and HerzegovinaEconomic Impact Assessment of COVID-19 in BiH
Kosovo (as per UNSCR 1244)Rapid Socio-Economic impact assessment of COVID-19 in Kosovo
Kyrgyz RepublicCOVID-19 in the Kyrgyz Republic: Socioeconomic and vulnerability impact assessment and policy response
Republic of MoldovaSocial and economic impact assessment of COVID-19 in the Republic of Moldova (first assessment) (1.7 MB)
Social and economic impact assessment of COVID-19 in the Republic of Moldova (final assessment)(1.7 MB)
Republic of North MacedoniaSocio-Economic Assessment of COVID-19 in North Macedonia (5.9 MB)
SerbiaSocio-economic impact assessment (11 MB)
TajikistanImpact of COVID-19 on lives, livelihoods and Micro, Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (MSMEs) in Tajikistan(3.2 MB)
Turkey1. Survey on impact of COVID-19 on enterprises and needs (1.7 MB)
2. Survey on Impact of COVID-19 on enterprises(968 kB)  
UkraineCOVID-19 in Ukraine: Impact on households and businesses (21.2 MB)
UzbekistanUN consolidated multilateral COVID-19 socio-economic response & recovery
  

Latin America and the Caribbean

Introduction - Evidence, Experience, and Pertinence in Search for Effective Policy Alternatives
A Conceptual Framework for Analyzing the Economic Impact of COVID-19 and its Policy Implications
Suggestions for the Emergency

International financial cooperation in the face of Latin America's economic crisis
COVID-19 and social protection of poor and vulnerable groups in Latin America: a conceptual framework
Lecciones del COVID-19 para una agenda de sostenibilidad en América Latina y el Caribe (ES)
Latinoamérica y el Caribe: Riqueza Natural y Degradación Ambiental en siglo XXI (ES)
ArgentinaSocial and Economic Impact of COVID-19 and Policy Options in Argentina
Barbados & the Eastern CaribbeanEastern Caribbean Human and Economic Impact Assessments
ColombiaCoronavirus in Colombia: vulnerability and policy options
Costa RicaEvaluación económica inicial de los efectos de COVID-19 y alcance de las opciones de política en Costa Rica (ES)
CubaImpactos Económicos y Sociales de la COVID 19 en Cuba: Opciones de políticas (ES)
Dominican RepublicSituación económica y de mercado de las mipymes en República Dominicana por la crisis del COVID 19 (ES)
Social and Economic Impacts of the COVID-19 and Policy Option in the Dominican Republic
EcuadorSocioeconomic Assessment COVID-19 PDNA Ecuador March – May 2020 (14.6 MB)
El SalvadorCOVID-19 and vulnerability: A multidimensional poverty perspective in El Salvador
GuatemalaAnálisis de los efectos e impactos socioeconómicos COVID-19 en Guatemala (ES) (9 MB)
HondurasSocial and Economic Impact of the COVID-19 and Policy Options in Honduras
JamaicaSocial and economic impact of the COVID-19 and policy options in Jamaica
MexicoDesafíos de desarrollo ante la COVID-19 en México. Panorama Socioeconómico (ES)
PanamaAnálisis socioeconómico del impacto del COVID-19 en Panamá (ES)
Análisis socioeconómico del impacto del COVID-19 en Panamá. Estudio complementario: escenarios económicos prospectivos y alcance de las opciones de política en Panamá (ES)
Impacto socioeconómico. Estudio complementario: COVID-19 y género en Panamá (ES)
PeruCOVID-19 and external shock: Economic impacts and policy options in Peru
SurinameSocio-economic impact assessment and response plan for COVID-19 in Suriname
UruguaySocial and economic impact of COVID-19 and policy options in Uruguay
VenezuelaThe Economic Impact of COVID-19 on Venezuela: The Urgency of External Financing
  
UN reportsBrief#1: Initial Insights on UNCT COVID-19 Response (4.6 MB)
Brief#2: Puttin the UN Framework for Socio-Economic Response to COVID-19 into Action: Insights (3.9 MB)
Info Bulletin: UN Response to the Socio-Economic Impacts of COVID 19 - Issue 1 (Sept)
Info Bulletin: UN Response to the Socio-Economic Impacts of COVID 19 - Issue 2 (Oct)
Bosnia and HerzegovinaCOVID-19 socio-economic impact assessment report for Bosnia and Herzegovina
EthiopiaEthiopia Socio-Economic Assessment of the Impact of COVID-19 (2.2 MB)
MoldovaSocio-Economic Response and Recovery Plan (7.5 MB)
ZimbabweImmediate Socio-Economic Response to COVID-19 in Zimbabwe (5.8 MB)