Joint Swiss UN Programme
Disaster Risk Reduction for Sustainable Development in Bosnia and Herzegovina
According to the 2017 World Risk Report, Bosnia and Herzegovina is ranked as a country of high exposure to natural hazards. Out of 145 local governments in the country, 91 are considered to be at very significant risk from floods and landslides, while 27 are at high risk. The past 6 years have been very to extremely dry, and at the same time, large floods have become frequent every year.
According to the Recovery Needs Assessment (RNA), conducted after the May 2014 floods, 81 local governments in BiH were affected, with 75% of the damage and losses directly borne by families, businesses, and agricultural producers, including an undefined number of vulnerable groups. Subsequently, one of the underlying recommendations of the RNA is to strengthen resilience at the local level through disaster risk reduction (DRR) and sustainable development.
The overall objective of the Programme
To support the local governments in BiH to improve their DRR institutional capacities, frameworks, public services, and partnerships.
“Disaster Risk Reduction for Sustainable Development in Bosnia and Herzegovina“ is a Joint programme, supported and financed by the Government of Switzerland and the United Nations (UN), and implemented by the UN agencies in BiH (United Nations Development Programme - UNDP, United Nations Children's Fund - UNICEF, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization - UNESCO, United Nations Population Fund - UNFPA and United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization - FAO) in partnership with domestic authorities.
The overall objective of the Programme is to support the local governments in BiH to improve their DRR institutional capacities, frameworks, public services, and partnerships. The Programme supports citizens, especially the most vulnerable groups and high-risk local communities in BiH, to prepare for and adapt to risks of disasters, as well as to ensure that population in risk-exposed areas are less vulnerable to social and economic consequences of disasters and climate change.
The long-term vision of the Programme is functional DRR governance at various levels and sectors in the country, throughout three phases. The first phase consisted of a four-year plan that layed the groundwork for DRR through basic institutional capacities, coordination mechanisms and strategic frameworks.
The Programme introduced and operationalized integrated risk management and a disaster risk management model at the local level, in order to initiate a bottom-up approach at the higher levels of government. At the same time, the Programme aimed to facilitate the affirmation of a "model" system of preparedness and prevention at the local level, with the potential to expand it throughout the country.
While the Programme covered the whole country, the focus was on a core group of 10 local governments, based on the methodology for selecting high-risk local governments, and their willingness to actively participate in and support the implementation of the Programme - Banja Luka, Bijeljina, Prijedor, Srebrenica, Trebinje in the Republika Srpska (RS) and Bihać, Kalesija, Kakanj, Gradačac, Sanski Most in the Federation of BiH (FBiH).
The Programme addressed key DRR priorities, which were identified by local authorities and various stakeholders in the sectors of protection and rescue, education, social and child protection, health and agriculture.
A particular emphasis is placed on the improvement of local coordination mechanisms in the DRR area, as well as on the affirmation of the strategic risk planning process, with an emphasis on the most vulnerable groups of the population.
The Programme has two main outcomes:
Outcome 1: At least 10 local governments have adopted DRR-featuring strategies, established partnerships for effective DRR interventions, and financed actions that build community resilience, and are thereby better equipped to prevent and respond to disasters.
Outcome 2: Citizens in the target locations, particularly the most vulnerable groups, have become more resilient to disasters.
- 10 local DRR platforms are established, bringing together 139 representatives of relevant sectors/institutions (civil protection, agriculture, education, social and child protection and health). Action plans were developed in 10 local communities in line with the entity-level Framework Action Plans on sexual and reproductive health and gender-based violence.
- Disaster Risk Analysis (DRAS) system established and promoted in all 10 local communities with necessary training sessions on utilizing the tool for future work in conducting risk assessments.
- 10 school disaster management teams are formed, enabling cross-sectoral and holistic DRR implementation at the school level.
- Izrađene su standardne operativne procedure za zaštitu djeteta
- Raising awareness activities conducted in all local communities regarding DRR. Joint simulation exercise organized to test all local DRR platforms and developed DRR plans.
United Nations Development Programme
GOVERNMENT OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA
MPTF-Disaster Risk Reduction for Sustainable Development In Bosnia and Herzegovina Joint Programme
UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PRO
DELIVERY IN PREVIOUS YEARS