The Republic of Moldova is planning to have a more robust system for monitoring greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and reporting to specialized international bodies. A roadmap in this regard has been developed with the support of the European Union and the United Nations Development Programme, within the EU4Climate project.
The document was prepared by the Austrian Environment Agency and was presented on 2 July 2021 at a public event. It identifies the main shortcomings of the national GHG monitoring and reporting system in Moldova.
"We have a robust and efficient GHG emission monitoring system, and with the help of development partners we will ensure the sustainability of the processes. We want to make sure that the Environment Agency has the capacity and all the necessary tools, as well as the relevant information from all sources," said Valentina Țapeș, State Secretary within the Ministry of Agriculture, Regional Development and Environment.
The inventory details direct GHG emissions in the following sectors:
- Industrial processes and product use
- Land use, changing the category of land use and forestry
- Waste management
Also, the inventory contains the list of greenhouse gases, the evolution of which is monitored and the list of institutions that provide information.
The roadmap provides for the legislative establishment of the obligation to provide relevant information to all GHG emitters, the improvement of the data management and archiving process, the involvement of experts in data collection and training of specialists from various institutions, and the improvement of the quality insurance system.
Between 1990 and 2016, GHG emissions dropped by almost 70%, mainly due to the prolonged economic crisis. Emissions from the energy sector decreased by almost 73%, the industrial sector - by 51.5%, agriculture - by 53.5%, land use by almost 40%, and waste management by 3.6%.