Georgia: Achieving Very High Human Development Amidst Persisting Inequality Challenges

UNDP’s Human Development Report 2023/24 Ranks 193 Countries and Territories

April 5, 2024
Human Development Report 2023/24

Human Development Report 2023-24

UNDP has unveiled its 2023/24 Human Development Report titled "Breaking the Gridlock: Reimagining Cooperation in a Polarized World." This report reveals troubling global development trends, highlighting the persistent disparities that leave the most vulnerable behind, widen the gap between rich and poor countries, and fuel polarisation worldwide.

“The widening human development gap revealed by the report shows that the two-decade trend of steadily reducing inequalities between wealthy and poor nations is now in reverse. Despite our deeply interconnected global societies, we are falling short. We must leverage our interdependence as well as our capacities to address our shared and existential challenges and ensure people’s aspirations are met.”
Achim Steiner, UNDP Administrator
Human Development Index:

Among the key findings is the latest Human Development Index (HDI) ranking 193 countries and territories and reflecting Gross National Income (GNI) per capita, education, and life expectancy.

Georgia's HDI: Georgia's performance in this index positions the country in the very high human development group, securing the 60th spot globally. Georgia's HDI stands at 0.814 with a marginal decline from its 2019 value of 0.816. Like many other countries worldwide, Georgia has yet to fully regain its pre-pandemic development levels.

Inequality-adjusted HDI: When accounting for societal inequality, Georgia's HDI experiences a reduction of 10.6 percent, settling at 0.728. While this reflects a slight improvement from 2015, when Georgia’s HDI lost 12.5 percent to inequality, Georgia's decline in HDI is still noticeable compared with other countries in the Europe and Central Asia region.

Planetary Pressures-adjusted HDI: Adjusting for planetary pressures, Georgia's HDI loses 5.8 percent settling at 0.767. Although ahead of regional counterparts, the notable increase in greenhouse gas emissions by 14 percent in 2015-2022 signals an urgent need for stronger climate strategies.

Gender Inequality Index: Gender Inequality Index (GII) measures disparities across reproductive health, empowerment, and labour market participation. Ranking 69 out of 166 countries with a GII value of 0.283 in 2022, Georgia has demonstrated steady progress in reducing gender inequalities since 2009. However, recent years have seen a slight regression, with Georgia GII rising to 0.287 in 2021 and 0.283 in 2022.

.More information about Georgia's HDI is available on the Human Development Report website

“The 2023/24 Human Development Report highlights Georgia's developmental journey, revealing both progress and challenges. Despite notable advancements in human development, persistent inequalities require concerted efforts from government, civil society, the private sector, and international partners to foster inclusive and sustainable national development.”
Douglas Webb, UNDP Resident Representative a.i. in Georgia
More key data from the report: 
  • In 2023, all 38 countries that are members of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) achieved higher Human Development Index (HDI) scores compared to their levels in 2019. 
  • Among the 35 least developed countries (LDCs) that experienced a decline in their HDI in 2020 and/or 2021, more than half (18 countries) have not yet recovered to their human development levels of 2019. 
  • All developing regions have not met their anticipated HDI levels based on the trend before 2019.
  • The impact of human development losses is in sharp focus in Afghanistan and Ukraine. Afghanistan’s HDI has been knocked back by a staggering ten years, while Ukraine’s HDI dropped to its lowest level since 2004. 
  • The report cites research indicating that countries with populist governments have lower GDP growth rates. Fifteen years after a populist government assumes office, the GDP per capita is found to be 10 percent lower than it might be under a non-populist government scenario. 

To view the full report, visit 

Media Contacts: 

In New York City:, +1 347 653 1980 or, +1 917 995 1687 

In Geneva:, +41 79 934 11 17 

In Georgia:, +995 599 196907

About the Human Development Report:

UNDP’s flagship Human Development Report offers comprehensive insights into global development trends and challenges, providing invaluable data for policymakers, researchers, and development practitioners worldwide.

About UNDP: 

UNDP is the leading United Nations organization fighting to end the injustice of poverty, inequality, and climate change. Working with our broad network of experts and partners in 170 countries, we help nations build integrated, lasting solutions for people and the planet.