Enabling China to Prepare Its Fourth National Communication



  • In cooperation with the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, this project is to enable China to fulfil its commitments under the UNFCCC to prepare its fourth National Communication (4NC) Report, third Biennial Update Report (3BUR), fourth Biennial Update Report (4BUR).
  • Based on the experience and lessons learned from the previous NCs and BURs, the project will broaden and consolidate the network of stakeholders, including those in the government, research and education institutions, associations, social groups, enterprises, individuals, enhance technical capacity of national experts, and strengthen the institutional frameworks. Furthermore, the project will place greater emphasis on relevant policies on mitigation of and adaptation to climate change and the results of their implementation, promote the establishment and improvement of the domestic systems for measurement, report and verification, so as to enable China to effectively address climate change in the process of pursuing national sustainable development.
  • The project will develop a comprehensive national greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory of 2017, 2018 and 2020, with extended categories and sources of GHG emissions and reduced uncertainties of the inventory. It will also introduce the activities of enhancing public awareness on climate change.




  • China is faced with great barriers in the transparency of the GHG data and information reporting according to the Katowice Climate Change Conference convened in Poland in 2018.  China needs to follow the new rules for implementing the Paris Agreement, including the adoption of Modalities, Procedures and Guidelines (MPGs) for the enhanced transparency framework, with clarification of reporting obligations of Parties under the Paris Agreement and related arrangements for follow-up technical expert review and facilitative multilateral consideration of progress.
  • Compared with the transparency requirements under the UNFCCC, the reporting obligations under the Paris Agreement have been strengthened for China, with comprehensiveness, completeness, and accuracy of reporting largely improved.


Project Outcome


  • National greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory
  • Impact of and vulnerability and adaptation to climate change
  • Policies and actions for climate change mitigation
  • National circumstances, related financial, technical, and capacity needs, and other relevant information
  • Communication of the GHG inventories, NCs and BURs of Hong Kong and Macao Special Administrative Regions (SARs)
  • UNFCCC reporting obligations


GESI Component


  • GEN2: The project has integrated a gender-responsive and inclusive perspective into project management and implementation procedures. The project has taken GESI strictly into consideration and has prioritized its focus on women, the poor and the elderly.