National Adaptation Plans in Bosnia and Herzegovina

NAP Project

The project Advance the National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process for medium-term investment planning in climate sensitive sectors in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) supported the country to advance its NAP process and reach goals outlined in the Paris Agreement and 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Green Climate Fund (GCF) resources were used to enable the authorities to integrate climate change-related risks, coping strategies and opportunities, into ongoing development planning and budgeting processes.

NAP builds on the BiH’s Climate Change Adaptation and Low Emission Development Strategy from 2013, which is based on four specific outcomes:

  1. supporting evidence-based policy development for climate change risks, vulnerabilities and opportunities;

  2. creating effective institutional and regulatory frameworks;

  3. mainstreaming climate change adaptation approaches into decision making; and

  4. effectively assigning resources and reaching implementation goals. 

The main identified barriers for the implementation of the Strategy are:

  • Limited institutional capacities and weak vertical and horizontal coordination for adaptation planning and implementation, 

  • Limited climate Information to support integration of climate change into planning and budgeting,  

  • Alternative sources of finance, including innovative funds are not optimized as neither climate change adaptation, nor disaster risk reduction activities are included in budgeting on any level and effective finance plan for adaptation does not exist.

NAP Project objective

The project advanced adaptation planning in BiH with a focus on sectoral approaches, upgrade of the knowledge base for adaptation, prioritization of adaptation interventions for the medium term, building institutional capacities for integrating climate change adaptation, and demonstrating innovative ways of financing adaptation at sub-national and local government levels.


Project components 

  • Establish effective national adaptation coordination system to drive the NAP process;
  • Strengthen capacity for climate vulnerability assessments, development of socio-economic scenarios, and adaptation options prioritized for two key sectors;
  • Develop innovative financing strategy for adaptation investments and test in four to five selected municipalities.



The project activities resulted in the compilation of a NAP and an implementation strategy focused on scaling-up adaptation in key sectors for the medium-term. Through the project, BiH has also developed municipal-level investment financing instruments with public and private sector engagement, and built national, sub-national and sectoral capacity to integrate and mainstream risk informed planning and budgeting. Other results include: 

  • Established an institutional framework to coordinate climate adaptation,

  • Developed the first National Adaptation Plan of BiH - the NAP document, 

  • Developed Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for horizontal and vertical institutional cooperation on climate data exchange as well as the corresponding M&E framework that will enable cross-sectoral climate data/information exchange, 

  • Supported adjustments to the regulatory framework necessary for successful implementation of climate change adaptation activities in the country and for meeting BiH’s obligations to the EU and UNFCCC, 

  • Developed and implemented NAP Communication Strategy to raise knowledge and awareness on climate adaptation needs, 

  • Upgraded information on climate change impact and scenarios and vulnerability assessments for agriculture and water sectors as the most vulnerable to climate change,

  • Assessed socio-economic effects of climate change on hydro-energy potential for two river basins are (Trebišnjica and Vrbas) as well as effects on agriculture in one of most productive agricultural areas within the Sava Basin, 

  • Developed additional studies to assess risks of urban torrential waters and define adaptation options in Tuzla and Banja Luka, 

  • Implemented trainings to build capacities of government staff for assessment, prioritization, and implementation of climate change adaptation actions as well as for development of reporting, monitoring and review mechanisms, 

  • Designed the climate change data management system/platform that within the two sub-national environmental funds, 

  • Finance mechanisms, tools, and new financing approaches for adaptation finance are piloted in four municipalities Laktaši, Zenica, Sanski Most and Trebinje and related trainings on adaptation financing mechanisms were implemented in all four municipalities, 

  • The Project also has developed two GCF Project Concept Notes- for new project initiatives (for water and agriculture sectors), 

  • Developed Climate Adaptation Finance Strategy for BiH and accepted by institutions. 

Project duration:

April 2018 - April 2022


Green Climate Fund (GCF)

Project value:

USD 2,506,812

Main partners:

Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Ministry of Physical Planning, Civil Engineering and Ecology of Republika Srpska, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Management of Republika Srpska, Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Water Management and Forestry, Federal Ministry of Environment and Tourism of BiH Federation