1. The first imperative is to improve the overarching framework – food systems governance. This starts with the ministries and agencies in charge of food systems, and includes other stakeholders, emphasizing the need to include and empower smallholder farmers, artisanal fisheries and other workers and small and medium enterprises in the food supply chain.
2. The future must be built on bottom-up systems-thinking approaches, political will for transformation, policies, programmes and investments that embrace complexity and systemic challenges, promoting policy coherence and policies that drive real change. Short-term responses must build up to long-term structural transformation at the national and subnational levels, strategically designing short-term actions that not only address immediate crisis but also contribute to reshaping fundamental aspects of the food system.
3. Strengthen social protection institutions and mechanisms and implement inclusive growth programmes that prioritize the most vulnerable to food insecurity. This includes supporting small-scale food producers with systemic policies that link food assistance initiatives to sustainable local food production, improving access to healthy and diverse diets through key channels like school meals programmes.
4. Make healthy and safe diets accessible and affordable to all, supporting governments to enhance access to affordable, healthy, local and safe diets while promoting sustainable food production such as agroecology that significantly reduces the use of chemical fertilizers, herbicides, pesticides and other harmful and dangerous inputs.
5. Address gender inequality so that women play a stronger role in food systems by securing women’s rights and control over land, capital and other resources across the food supply chain, prioritizing their access to social safety nets, enabling and empowering their participation in food systems governance platforms, and securing equal pay.
6. Protect rich and diverse ecosystems by supporting governments to mainstream food systems in National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans to accelerate the transition towards sustainable agricultural practices, sustainable management of oceans, and sustainable aquaculture.
7. Reshape food systems to reduce their impact on climate change and enhance their resilience in the face of climate variations by increasing ambition in national climate plans and nationally determined contributions related to food systems, and implementing climate change mitigation and adaption policies, programmes and investments, prioritizing the support for the most affected and vulnerable.
8. Make food systems less dependent on fossil fuels, increase their use of renewable energies and agricultural and food waste as energy, and reduce the trade-offs in the land use between food and energy production.
9. All of the above are limited (or enabled) by the workings of the food value chain. Achieving these objectives will require new thinking around the food value chain, in particular diversifying domestic food production – by improving internal capacities to produce nutritive and resilient native crops – and reducing geographic concentration in the sources of food imports.
10. Strengthen shorter supply chains by supporting the capacity of territorial food markets, periodic rural markets, and street vendors to facilitate access to affordable, diverse and healthy diets.