Youth Employment and Entrepreneurship Skills (YEES) Project
The Youth Employment and Entrepreneurship Skills (YEES) Project is a collaborative initiative between the Government of Timor-Leste - the Ministry of Tourism, Trade, and Industry, and UNDP Timor-Leste to create job opportunities and entrepreneurship programs for youth to become entrepreneurs. The project is mainly funded by Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) for six years starting in 2022.
Timor-Leste is an LDC with lower-middle income status that relies on its natural oil and gas revenue-based sovereign wealth Petroleum Fund for its annual state budget. Besides this fund, there are no other substantive sources of income. Economic diversification focusing on job creation and poverty reduction is a great need. It has 30% of the population living below the national poverty line and 46% are multidimensionally poor. 70% of Timor-Leste’s population lives in rural areas, most of whom (64.2%) depend on subsistence agriculture. This young nation has 74% of its population under 35 (Census2015), and according to the 2018 Labour Market Outlook, 20.3% of the youth population (aged 15-24) were not in employment, education, or training (NEET). 78% of the people between the age of 15 to 64 were not employed, of which around 36% were youth aged 15 to 24 years.
- 100 interns (41 Men, 59 women) and freshly graduated students are recruited and placed in 22 host institutions in the private sector, public sector, and NGOs from the Youth Internship Programme with SEFOPE.
- 102 Youth entrepreneurs consisting of 31 females and 71 males were awarded access to government seeds grants.
- 83 (52 men, 31 women) existing MSMEs applied for soft loans at MTCI, 63 (women 25) MSME’s proposals are eligible for the soft loan guarantee scheme, and 18 consist of (6 women) proposals have been approved by BNCTL, 18 MSMEs have created a job for 96 (35 women) people.
The YEES Project aims to tackle two most pressing issues in Timor Leste’s youth employment:
Limited opportunities of being employed, and
Limited opportunities of being entrepreneurs for youth and migrant workers.
- Youth become employed
- Youth become entrepreneurs
Gender-specific differences also show disadvantaged working conditions for women. The labour force participation of women was lower than that of men, respectively 46.7 % and 55.8 %, which represents a gender parity index of 0.84.1. The project aims to ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities
United Nations Development Programme
Government of Timor'Leste
KOREA INTERN. COOPERATION AGENCY (KOICA)
UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PRO
DELIVERY IN PREVIOUS YEARS