Timor-Leste is the youngest nation in Asia Pacific Region with a population characterized as one of the most youthful in the world. Timor-Leste’s 4th NHDR is a collaborative project between the Government of Timor-Leste, UNDP and Flinders University, Australia. It aims to promote public discussion and policy making around the realization of young age structures, investing in youth and their well-being to benefit from a potential demographic dividend. The report is a tool for evidence based decision making towards improved human development and well-being in Timor-Leste, particularly among the youth.

Timor-Leste National Human Development Report 2018

This National Human Development Report puts the well-being of young people at the centre of the policy agenda.

Launched on 03 April 2018, Timor-Leste’s 4th National Human Development Report is a collaborative project between the Government of Timor-Leste, UNDP and Flinders University, Australia which responds to the development aspirations of the youth of Timor-Leste, the drivers of the nation’s future development. The report examines well-being and identifies options for seizing the demographic dividend, an issue that profoundly influences human potential and sustainable development. 

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Timor-Leste has one of the youngest populations in the Asia and Pacific region, with a median age of 17.4 years. This makes Timor-Leste the 15th youngest in the world, behind only Afghanistan and a group of African nations. The population below age 35 accounts for 74 percent of the total population. The current demographic situation has the potential to play an extremely important role in shaping the country’s development in the near future.

By applying a well-being approach, this report provides the opportunity for policymakers to adopt policies, programmes and strategic investments targeted at young women and men based on an in-depth understanding of their aspirations, attitudes and behaviours.

The realization of sound policies and tailored investments for improved well-being requires an in-depth understanding of young people’s values, behaviours and aspirations and the ways young people perceive their own life satisfaction and experiences.

Responding to the need for such evidence, this report presents analyses of the state of youth well-being in Timor-Leste based on a nationwide survey conducted by Timor-Leste’s National Statistics Directorate in August 2016.