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Latin America and the Caribbean went from hosting seven million immigrants in 1990 to having an immigrant population of almost 15 million in 2020.

Migration brings productivity benefits, stimulates innovation, and generates more diverse societies. At the same time, the mass arrival of immigrants also gives rise to pressures that impact poverty, development, and the demographic dynamics of countries. The scale and urgency of the migrant population's needs have further strained the region's already limited capacity to provide adequate access to essential services to the people. And they have exacerbated xenophobia in LAC host countries.

There is little evidence on the causal impact of interventions to reduce xenophobia and improve the integration of migrants into receiving societies. This page will be the repository of the results of experiments to evaluate the effectiveness of communication campaigns in nine LAC countries. These are experiments carried out within the framework of a joint research initiative with the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), which aims to improve the welfare conditions of the migrant population in LAC through information and influence in the design of policies.

It will also host nine country studies published in the UNDP LAC Policy Documents series documenting the migration phenomenon and the response of governments. These studies are part of UNDP's effort to contribute to understanding and addressing a problem central to the region's development.




UNDP LAC Country studies


  • Migration in Mexico: complexities and challenges, Elena Sánchez-Montijano and Roberto Zedillo.
  • Migration in the Dominican Republic: context, challenges and opportunities, Daniel Morales and Catherine Rodríguez. (Forthcoming)
  • Migration situation in Chile: trends and policy responses in the period 2000-2021,  Carolina Stefoni and Dante Contreras. (Forthcoming)
  • Migration and migration policy in Ecuador in the period 2000-2021, Gioconda Herrera. (Forthcoming)
  • Migration in Colombia and public policy responses, Sebastián Bitar. (Forthcoming)
  • Recent migration to Peru: situation, policy responses and opportunities, María Cecilia Dedios and Felipe Ruiz. (Forthcoming)
  • Migrations in Costa Rica: development of recent migration policies for your attention, Laura Solís and Jason Hernández. (Forthcoming)
  • Migration in Trinidad and Tobago: Current Tends and Policies, Elizabeth Thomas-Hope. (Forthcoming)
  • Migration in Barbados: What do we know?, Natalie Dietrich Jones. (Forthcoming)