Discover the report: Multidimensional Poverty Index Report.

Poverty has many dimensions that go beyond its monetary expression. There is a growing need to better understand the multiple ways in which people experience poverty, as well as the importance of measuring the deprivations people face. Better understanding of these aspects is essential to making better public policy decisions. There are clear parallels with human development, the full understanding of which requires consideration of many dimensions of life, from health, education, and income to participation and empowerment.

The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) has pioneered the development of broader measures of poverty such as the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) which aims to broaden the debate on poverty by taking into account its subjective side: people can also be considered poor because of what they feel, what they value.

In order to effectively fight poverty in Djibouti, the Ministry of Social Affairs and Solidarity and the National Institute of Statistics of Djibouti, with the support of UNDP, conducted a study to define the multidimensional poverty index for Djibouti.

The Multidimensional Poverty Index captures the acute deprivations in health, education, and living standards that a person faces simultaneously. The MPI for Djibouti covers 5 dimensions: education, health, living conditions, health environment, and employment, based on 14 indicators that reflect socioeconomic information tailored to the Djiboutian context.