Development Planning and Tobacco Control: Integrating the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control into UN and National Development Planning Instruments
Tobacco use, driven by industry marketing and fuelled by social inequities, is killing 6 million people per year, inhibiting socio-economic development at household, national and global levels, exacting economic burdens on national health care systems, infringing human rights and obstructing progress towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) is a ground-breaking international legally binding treaty that takes a comprehensive, evidence-based approach to addressing these devastating effects.
Despite the progress made, difficulties in implementation have thus far prevented the treaty from realizing its full potential to halt the tobacco epidemic. Without accelerated WHO FCTC implementation, it will be virtually impossible to meet the World Health Assembly’s recently adopted target of a 25 percent reduction in premature mortality from noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) by 2025. UNDP and the Convention Secretariat have jointly produced this report to reflect the urgent need to integrate WHO FCTC implementation into countries’ health and development plans and ensure its inclusion in the UN system response as articulated through the UN Development Assistance Frameworks (UNDAFs), which are the strategic programme frameworks jointly agreed between governments and the UN system outlining priorities in national development.