UNDP in Yemen
UNDP collaborates with a range of strategic partners in delivering programmes and projects in Yemen. These partners are broadly classified as funding and implementing partners, referred to as responsible parties.
These are bilateral donors, international financial institutions (IFIs), multilateral donors, trust funds, the private sector and UN agencies channelling aid through UNDP. From 2019, during the implementation of the country programme framework, the following donors have provided funding for UNDP programmes in Yemen.
- The United States, through the United States Agency for International Development and Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (US INL), contributed over US$41M to the following projects: US$20.5M to the Yemen Emergency Crisis Response (YECRP), US$17M to the Mine Action Project and US$4.2 to the Rule of Law programme.
- Japan has contributed over US$25M towards the following projects: Crisis Support to Solid Waste, Water Supply and Sewage (US$9.51M), Yemen Stabilisation Programme (US$4.27), Rebuilding Livelihoods and Capacities for Fisheries Households (US$3.23M), and Emergency WASH Support for Conflict-Affected Communities (US$1.28M).
- Germany has contributed over US$21M towards two projects: the PSF (US$13.8M) and Mine Action (US7.37).
- Netherlands has contributed US$15.5M to the following project: Mine Action (US$7.1M), Rule of Law (US$1.9), Promoting Inclusive Access to Justice (US$9M, US$3.9M already disbursed), and PSF (US$2.9).
- Canada: partnered with UNDP on the just-ended Emergency Mine Action Project, contributing US$3.91M and currently contributing to the Peace Support Facility (PSF) with over US$3M.
- The United Kingdom, through DfID, Foreign and Common Office, Foreign, Commonwealth and Development, contributed over US$10.5M to the following projects: Mine Action (US$6.4), PSF US$3.2, and Maritime Governance (US$930k).
- King Salman Humanitarian Aid Relief Centre contributed US$3.57M to the Vocational and Business Skills Training and Support project. The phase two project is nearing finalisation, whilst discussions are also at advanced stages on a new Social Protection project.
- Sida contributed US$4.7M, Denmark US$3.5 M, Norway US$3.4M, France US$2.24, and Switzerland US$1.35 towards the PSF.
- Italy has contributed US$1.7 to the PSF and $828k to the Mine Action projects.
- The Republic of Korea contributed US$495k to the Yemen Rule of Law Programme.
United Nations Agencies
UN agencies contributed over US$35M to UNDP projects: OCHA - Mine Action (US$14.8M), YECRP Prevention of Famine (US$10M), YECRP (US$3M), and Enhanced Early Recovery Project (US$1.8M); FAO – ERRY II (US$5M) and Water Resource Management (US$1.7M).
European Union: Is the second-largest funding partner for the CO, having contributed over US$60M over the past three years to the following projects: Strengthen Institutional and Economic Resilience (SIERY) (total budget US$89M, US$27.75 already disbursed), Social Protection (US$29M), Emergency Mine Action (2.3M) and Peace Support Facility ((US$1.4M).
International Financial Institutions
The World Bank, through the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and International Development Association (IDA), has contributed over US$475M to the projects: YECRP I, II and III (US$435M), Emergency Social Protection Enhancement & COVID19 Response (total budget US$61.8M, US$38M already disbursed), with additional financing of US$108 in the pipeline, Yemen Food Security Response and Resilience (total budget US$23.6M, US$2.56 already disbursed), with over US$50M in promising pipelines for the same project.
The Peacebuilding Support Office contributed US$2.1M to the Rule of Law Programme, whilst the Multi Partnership Trust Fund (MPTF) on Rural Resilience contributed US$23.35M to the Enhanced Rural Resilience in Yemen II (ERRY II) (having initially contributed US$18.38M to phase 1). An additional US$23.3 for ERRY III was approved in 2022. MPTF on Maritime Governance contributed US$1.94 to the Maritime Governance project.
The only private sector partnership that UNDP entered was with Al Kuraimi Bank (US$685K) for the Emergency Health Response to Covid-19 in Yemen.
These are national and international non-governmental organisations (NGOs), national institutions, government departments, the private sector, and UN agencies that UNDP contracts to implement project activities. Over 20 responsible parties have been engaged since 2019.
These include Norwegian People's Aid (NPA), For All Foundation (FAF), Youth Leadership Development Foundation (YLDF), Social Fund for Development (SFD), Small & Micro-enterprises promotion Services (SMEPs), Sustainable Development Foundation (SDF), Public Works Project (PWP), Musanadah Foundation for Development, CARE International, OXFAM, Netherlands Enterprise Agency (RVO), Nahda Makers Organization (NMO), HALO Trust, Center for Civil in Conflict (CIVIC), Public International Law & Policy Group (PILPG), Safer Yemen, Overseas Development Institution (ODI), SOUL for Development, Yemen Women Union (YWU), National Foundation for Development and Humanitarian Response (NFDHR).