All voices must be heard
Low trust in institutions as well as mixed outcomes of the policy implementation processes over the years have jeopardized the likelihood of engagement of rights holders in the decision - making process. Participation of underrepresented groups in consultations especially at the local level remain reduced. Challenges remain in the field of securing funding to secure social protection of all those people that are in need of support so that no one is left behind. Significant migration and brain drain have slowed Moldova’s development path. Strengthening transparent, accountable and inclusive governance requires raised capacities of public service and the institutional and individual levels, budgeting process to be oriented at achieving the Sustainable Development Agenda as well as creating mechanisms for genuine participation so that the voices and needs of all are heard and taken into consideration.
Transparency. Efficiency. Participation
UNDP helps create a more transparent, accountable and inclusive governance system where citizens can take part in the decision-making process in their country. We work to help build the legal framework, improve institutional structures, empower people and develop skills which support national efforts to reduce poverty, sustain the environment, ensure access to justice for everyone, protect and promote human rights, and advance gender equality, human development and security. We work to support digital transformation and building of a mature digital society, where digital technology is a key enabler of sustainable human development and an equalizer bringing multiple benefits for all.
UNDP works towards democratic and accountable governance, focusing on two critical dimensions: laying down the institutional bedrock, and ensuring men and women’s voices are heard. As the whole governance structure is affected by low public truast due to its limited accountability and efficiency, UNDP works to promote Parliament’s openness to people’s needs, to ensure inclusive and transparent electoral processes, to contribute to establishing effective corruption prevention measures, reforming the justice and law enforcement systems and the security sector, ensuring protection and promotion of human rights, and achieving a higher and fairer representation of women in the areas where they are traditionally underrepresented.
Justice and human rights
UNDP has supported the Republic of Moldova in developing policies and strategies that aim to ensure respect for and protection of human rights and an effective and accessible justice system, with a focus on gender equality, non-discrimination, access to justice, universal healthcare coverage by providing access to affordable and effective medicines, and on preventing and addressing domestic violence. Assistance is being provided for the implementation of police reform in Moldova, with a special focus on the development of the community police concept, increasing technical and professional crime response capabilities and on modernizing the internal affairs’ human resource management system. UNDP works to enhance capacities of forensic institutions to provide qualitative justice services and to engage the justice chain actors and civil society in providing a coordinated response to men’s and women’s justice needs at the grass-root level; all of these underpinned by innovation and digital transformation. Efforts are being taken to support the implementation of the National Human Rights Action Plan for 2018–2022, as well as its effective monitoring. Tailored support is being provided to the vulnerable and marginalized groups, such as people with disabilities, people living with HIV, and survivors of domestic violence to improve their access to public life and to quality services.
With UNDP support, the Parliament’s transparency and engagement with women and men will be strengthened further by the operationalization of the e-Parliament that includes the document management system, e-voting and a new public website. Men and women will have more opportunities to express their views and needs and to hold MPs accountable by using the opportunities for engagement that will be offered by the new Parliament website. By providing support to the Parliament’s Women’s Caucus UNDP will contribute to ensuring the oversight of policy implementation has a particular focus on SDGs, on the respect of human rights and will use the gender lense.
UNDP has worked in partnership with the Central Electoral Commission and the Centre for Continuous Elections Training, leading to more professional, inclusive and transparent elections, consistent integration of gender and human rights considerations in the activity of electoral bodies and in the electoral processes and an improved trust of voters. The State Automated Informational System “Elections” is continuously improved to contribute to more fair, transparent and efficient electoral processes.
Electoral educations campaigns were implemented reaching out to thousands of current and future voters so that the voting process becomes more inclusive and responsible. The capacities of CEC are to be strengthened to be able to undertake a more effective and coherent oversights and monitoring on political party financing. UNDP is also continuously supporting the mobilization of various partners to discuss the electoral reform priorities and coordinate interventions in this field.
Public administration reform
Jointly with other United Nations entities, UNDP is strengthening the focus on accelerating the complex public administration and decentralization reforms, moving from policy and legislative formulation to improving systems and capacities for effective and affordable public service delivery. UNDP is supporting stronger, more open and transparent public administration at all levels, that are able to deliver their services efficiently and ensure equal opportunities to all people, with a particular focus on women and the most vulnerable. Partnerships with the Ministry of Internal Affairs and its subdivisions, as well as with the Ministry of Defense will be further strengthened aiming at the implementation of the sector reforms that have as the ultimate goal ensuring security of men and women in the Republic of Moldova.
UNDP has contributed to strengthening the national integrity and anticorruption system and to participative elaboration of the National Integrity and Anticorruption Strategy 2017 – 2020. It has also supported the strengthening of the capacities of institutions to prevent corruption and promote integrity mechanisms as well as facilitated the engagement of the public institutions at the central and local level in preventive endeavors. Private sector and civil society organizations were supported to get involved into the progressive implementation of the Strategy through the efficient application and monitoring of national integrity instruments and standards. Efforts were made to stimulate the involvement of young men and women in creating the anticorruption demand through an increased public awareness on anticorruption and on the means to curb corruption.
Evidence-based policy formulation and evaluation
UNDP helps the Government in building the capacities for more evidence-based policy formulation, policy coordination and impact evaluation. Particular focus is on complex development issues emerging from the current multiple crises, including social exclusion, emerging forms of poverty, including multidimensional poverty. UNDP will support the creation of new collaborative approaches and tools on further engaging citizens, private sector and all other actors to support more evidence-based and citizen-driven policies and decisions.