Promoting Elections for the People of Libya

Introduction

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) project, “Promoting Elections for the People of Libya” (PEPOL) supports the capacity and preparedness of Libya’s High National Elections Commission (HNEC) to plan and conduct electoral events.

National elections represent a major milestone in the UN-facilitated Libyan-led and Libyan-owned political process; and are an important step toward the sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity and national unity of Libya.

Objectives

PEPOL is designed to:

1. Support the planning, preparation for and conduct of electoral events.

2. Develop HNEC institutional and staff capacities to conduct electoral processes that are transparent, credible and that promote inclusive participation.  

3. Promote public participation in electoral processes, particularly among vulnerable groups.

4. Raise the electoral awareness of local partners and institutions, enabling them to perform their roles effectively in the process

Accomplishment

In 2021, PEPOL support enabled the HNEC to:

  • Contribute to the development a national legal electoral framework

HNEC technical advice enabled Parliament to establish the legal framework that  serves as a basis for conducting democratic elections in Libya.

  • Transform ideas into actions

HNEC has developed operational plans, policies and procedures for conducting elections, transparently and according to the legislative framework.

  • Mitigate the impact of COVID-19

Responding to the global COVID-19 pandemic, operational guidance was developed for conducting elections – massive operations with processes that require personal interaction – while maintaining safety and hygiene standards and mitigating risk of infection. This guidance has informed the development of all electoral processes and procedures.

  • Enfranchise the Libyan electorate

In 2021, HNEC added more than half a million voters to the national roster, including 25,148 internally displaced persons and over six thousand more Libyans currently out-of-country. There are now more than 2.8 million registered Libyan voters – representing over 60 per cent of the eligible population – of whom 43 per cent are female.

  • Safeguard the integrity of the electoral process

For the first time, voters have been provided with cards – adding an extra layer of security and enhancing the credibility of the electoral process. Almost 90 per cent of all registered Libyan voters have collected their cards, demonstrating a very high interest to participate in elections.

  • Electoral materials

Sensitive and non-sensitive election materials, and other critical tools have been designed, produced and distributed to HNEC offices and electoral centres throughout the country, ready for use in the next balloting event.

  • Promote participation

In 2021, the HNEC received well over 5,300 applications from prospective parliamentary candidates – more than three times the number received in 2014. Women accounted for 14 percent of parliamentary candidates – an increase of more than three percent over the percentage of women who ran in the last election.

  • Strengthen public accountability

Roughly 7,500 media, observers and international guests applied to the HNEC accreditation in 2021. The vast majority (97 per cent) is Libyan and almost one third is female – tripling the proportional representation of women over 2014.

Impact

START DATE

November 2017

END DATE

December 2023

STATUS

Ongoing

PROJECT OFFICE

Libya

IMPLEMENTING PARTNER

United Nations Development Programme

DONORS

Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development

EUROPEAN COMMISSION

Foreign & Commonwealth Office

Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office

GOVERNMENT OF CZECH REPUBLIC

GOVERNMENT OF FRANCE

GOVERNMENT OF GERMANY

GOVERNMENT OF ITALY

GOVERNMENT OF JAPAN

GOVERNMENT OF LIBYAN ARAB JAMAHIRIYA

GOVERNMENT OF NETHERLANDS

GOVERNMENT OF SPAIN

GOVERNMENT OF SWITZERLAND

TOTAL CONTRIBUTIONS

$36,068,322

DELIVERY IN PREVIOUS YEARS

2017$0

2018$3,575,731

2019$4,590,775

2020$2,052,610

2021$8,210,785

2022$2,955,823

Full Project information

2.8

Million

Registered Libyan voters of whom 43 per cent are female

Half

a million

Voters were added including 25,148 internally displaced persons and over six thousand more Libyans currently out-of-country.