December 17, 2014
Iraq is struggling to meet the needs of over 1.2 million IDPs and 220,000 Syrian refugees. Most of these refugees and around half of the IDPs are hosted in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KR-I), constituting a more than 10 per cent increase in its population. Of these refugees and displaced, roughly 64 per cent are women and children with specific protection needs and 22 per cent are young males who struggle to access educational or employment opportunities. Previously, nine camps hosted 42 per cent of refugees in Iraq.
As the four year old conflict in Syria drags on, Syrian refugees continue to flow into neighbouring countries with over 230,000 persons registered with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in Iraq as of November 2014. Of these, 64 per cent are women and children with specific protection needs and over 22 per cent young males who are out of school and mostly without work. Since the beginning of the crisis, UNHCR has worked closely with the Government of Iraq (GoI) and the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) to coordinate the humanitarian response with sister UN Agencies and more than sixty organizations engaged in the provision of protection and assistance, basic shelter, core relief items, access to basic services and the implementation of specific protection interventions across all sectors for the benefit of the refugees.