Our work areas

Energy transition


of global greenhouse emissions come from the energy sector.

$4 trillion

are needed to reaching net-zero emissions by 2050 — meaning that annual clean energy investments worldwide have to more than triple by 2030.

30 million

jobs could be created by the energy transition.


Annual energy-related CO2 emissions need to decline 70% below today's levels by 2050 to set the world on a pathway toward meeting the climate goals. Renewables, energy efficiency and substantial electrification can provide over 90% of the necessary reduction.

$423 billion

are spent every year by governments to subsidise fossil fuels. Repurposing these subsidies could pay three times over the annual amount required to ‘eradicate’ extreme poverty as measured with the PPP$1.90 a day poverty line.

We work with countries to promote energy for development, and build the resilient, equitable, sustainable energy systems of tomorrow through just energy transitions. 

The intensifying climate emergency, ongoing energy crisis and increasing political uncertainties around the world must be the turning point to accelerate the energy transition.

The energy transition is a continuing process requiring long-term energy strategies and planning, with a country-tailored focus on applying appropriated energy technologies to reach net-zero emissions. We know that a net-zero emissions pathway will be more successful if trade-offs in energy supply and demand are acknowledged and mitigated. This means an integrated, people-centred approach, in which all available energy technologies play their important role in transforming local and national energy systems.  

UNDP is committed to working with developing countries to realize a net-zero energy transition, in a manner that leaves no one behind. Therefore, UNDP’s agenda on the energy transition integrates increased action on governance, social protection and gender equality as nexus area to technological innovation and financial requirements. 

Our focus

In partnership with others - governments, multilateral agencies, donor community, the private sector, philanthropy and civil society - we build capacity to support interventions with a clear potential to accelerate the achievement of the SDG7 and that are aligned with the Paris Agreement and NDCs targets. 

To do so, we work with countries to modernize their energy infrastructure, through innovation and new business models. This will be accompanied by suitable financial mechanisms and policy de-risking approaches to channel public and private climate finance where it is most needed and impactful, and offering a platform for honest dialogues and advice. 


Key areas of support

While technology and innovation, finance and economy are paramount in the energy transition process, UNDP's Sustainable Energy Hub has an  integrated and people-centered approach that will focus on the following nexus areas: governance, social protection and gender equality

Our impact


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