Ridge to Reef: Integrated Protected Area Land and Seascape Management in Tanintharyi

Ridge to Reef:  Integrated Protected Area Land and Seascape Management in Tanintharyi

Photo: UNDP Myanmar

Status: Currently suspended, and under Social and Environmental Standards compliance review by the Social and Environmental Compliance Unit.

Information on the project complaint and status of the compliance review can be viewed here.
Duration: October 2017 - September 2023
Budget: USD 5,250,000
Coverage: Tanintharyi Region, Myanmar
Donor: Global Environment Facility (GEF)
Beneficiaries: Forestry Department (FD), Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation (MoNREC); Dept of Fisheries (DoF), Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries (MLF); and Tanintharyi Regional Government
Focus: Climate Change, Environment & Energy
Partners: Forestry Department (FD), Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation (MoNREC); Dept of Fisheries (DoF), Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries (MLF); Tanintharyi Regional Government; Fauna and Flora International (FFI); and Smithsonian Institution (SI). Others will be determined during inception and in the process of project implementation.
Project Document: Ridge to Reef: Integrated Protected Area Land and Seascape Management in Tanintharyi [English Version], [Myanmar Version], [Karen Version]
Project Brief: Project Brief [English Version][Myanmar Version], [Karen Version]
Annexures: Annex 1 [Multi-year Workplan], Annex 2 [Monitoring Plan]Annex 3 [Evaluation Plan], Annex 4a [Tracking Tool for GEF-6 Biodiversity Projects]Annex 4b [Land Degradation Focal Area - Portfolio Monitoring and Tracking Tool (PMAT) - GEF-6], Annex 4c [Tracking Tool for GEF 6 Sustainable Forest Management Projects], Annex 5 [Terms of Reference for Project Management Bodies and Staff], Annex 6 [UNDP Social and Environmental and Social Screening Template (SESP)], Annex 7 [UNDP Project Quality Assurance Report], Annex 10 [Additional Agreements/ Co – financing letters]Annex 11 [Landscape / Seascape and Protected Area Profiles]Annex 12a [Capacity Development Scorecard for Integrated Landscape / Seascape Management (ILSM) by Tanintharyi Regional Government], Annex 12b [Protected Area Administration Capacity Development Scorecard by Tanintharyi Regional Forest Department], Annex 12c [Protected Area Administration Capacity Development Scorecard by Tanintharyi Regional Department of Fisheries]Annex 13 [Lists of People Consulted during Project Development], Annex 14[Socio-economic and Gender Situational Analysis on Tanintharyi Landscape, Seascape and Coastal Area]Annex 15 [Baseline Report on Seascapes and Marine Resources],  Annex 16 [Baseline Report on Landscapes and Terrestrial Resources], Annex 17 [Baseline reports on National Biological Survey and Knowledge Management Framework]Annex 18 [Detailed Maps of the Project Landscapes], Annex 19 [Dawna Tenasserim Landscape and Peace Parks]Annex 20 [Roles of project stakeholders]Annex 21 [Project assumptions for Theory of Change]Annex 22 [Threats to Biodiversity, Underlying Factors and Baseline Analysis]Annex 23 [Seascape Indicators 2014 - 2016]
Other Documents: Frequently Asked Questions [English Version][Myanmar Version], [Karen Version]

About the Project

Approximately 20% of Myanmar’s Key Biodiversity Areas are found in the Tanintharyi Region which includes the largest areas of lowland wet evergreen forest remaining in the Indo-Myanmar hotspot, some of the largest contiguous blocks of mangrove forest in mainland South East Asia, and some 800 islands and diverse marine ecosystems of the Myeik Archipelago. These ecosystems support outstanding biodiversity including flagship species such as tiger, Asian elephant, Asian tapir, Sunda pangolin and many others.

Taninthary’s rich biodiversity and ecosystem is in danger due to high rates of deforestation (caused by unsustainable oil palm plantations, illegal logging and forest encroachment), pressures from mining and industrial development and unsustainable use of natural resources including fisheries. The region faces urgent imperatives to conserve biodiversity and safeguard the region’s ecological and socio-economic security. The current pattern of economic development benefits individual companies at the expense of forgone development opportunities. A more sustainable growth would accrue benefits to the state and local communities, and provide the basis for the prosperity of community based natural resource management, as natural capital and resilience to local communities and indigenous peoples.

The Ridge to Reef project establishes, for the first time, integrated land and seascape planning and management in Myanmar with effective engagement of local communities.
The project aims at supporting long-term sustainable development and ecological security of Tanintharyi’s marine, coastal and terrestrial biodiversity through integrated planning, management and protection involving a wide range of stakeholders including the local communities and indigenous peoples. The overall project approach entails consultations and engagement of all villages in the project target areas in order to obtain support and agreement for proposed project activities.

The project also aims at ensuring that its activities do not restrict legal access of local people to natural resources. The project fully respects customary land use, rights and tenure and will help to map out such claims as part of its participatory land use planning approach.


To secure the long-term protection of Key Biodiversity Areas in Tanintharyi through integrated planning and management at land and seascape scales, with interconnectivity from ridge to reef.

Expected Results

  • Land and seascapes rich in biodiversity in Tanintharyi are connected and their planning and management are integrated;
  • Strengthen management and threat reduction in target proposed protected areas, smallholder zones and corridors;
  • Prototype National Biodiversity Survey framework and geospatial platform operational within Tanintharyi Regional Government; and
  • Enhance knowledge management, monitoring and evaluation support biodiversity conservation in Tanintharyi.

Funding Support by GEF (Global Environment Facility)

Year Amount
2018 USD 876, 500
2019 USD 976,588
2020 USD 927,085
2021 USD 969,240
2022 USD 895,855
2023 USD 604,732
Total USD 5,250,000

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