Towards A National Reconciliation in Libya

Introduction 

This project aims to develop more local dialogues and reconciliation initiatives in key areas in the East, South, Centre and West of Libya, contributing to stabilizing the country through a bottom-up, piecemeal approach to peacebuilding, and thereby directly supporting the political process and the UN Action Plan for Libya. Furthermore, the project worked on developing a national reconciliation strategy through a consultative and inclusive process, allowing for the meaningful and effective participation of youth, women, and groups from across the divisions in the Libyan society.

Another objective is to follow-up on the existing reconciliation processes facilitated by UNSMIL and UNDP through stronger monitoring mechanisms, in order to ensure a more lasting peace, engaging with the signatory parties in all areas, facilitating additional dialogue sessions and capacity building activities when needed, to implement the resulting agreements and mechanisms, and building wider support for them. This can include, for instance, to enhance the role of local mediators, civil society, youth, women, private sector, religious leaders, and media in reconciliation efforts through a series of capacity-building activities and through the consolidation of an active and trained “network” of local peacemakers, that will include a women-specific network as well.

And as a complementary  action, the project works om promoting the institutionalization of reconciliation efforts through technical support to the government in establishing the required legal and political framework and mechanisms, thereby reinforcing the durability of local reconciliation agreements and paving the way for a future transitional justice process that would lead to national reconciliation.

If local dialogue initiatives between key stakeholders are supported, and capacity is built for a network of local mediators and these initiatives are sustainable with the long-term help of central and local government, then there is potential to rebuild trust and confidence, and eventually restore lasting peace in Libya from the  ground up.

Objectives 

“Towards A National Reconciliation in Libya” project designed to improve the credibility and legitimacy of local and national authorities in becoming reliable partners for reconciliation and mediation efforts, as the Dialogue initiatives involves community leaders who have the ability to have access to both decision-makers and grassroots constituents. Also, provide the technical support to government authorities to facilitate the institutionalization of reconciliation at the state level.

The project is currently assisting Libyan national and local authorities, civil society and other partners in their efforts to promote an inclusive vision for national reconciliation. Through a series of thematic meetings, dialogues and capacity-building activities, it seeks to empower various stakeholders to conceptualize and implement a comprehensive national reconciliation strategy, while also supporting local reconciliation initiatives fostering nationwide peacebuilding.

In parallel, the project worked on developing the capacities of local and national authorities in order to support community-based reconciliation initiatives and help rebuild social cohesion. Capacities in mediation and dialogue was supported and developed with the goal of establishing a national and sustainable “network of local mediators”  to contribute to bottom-up political efforts and stabilize the country.

Accomplishment

  • Organized thematic, multi-stakeholder dialogues on key cross-cutting issues aimed to serve as a basis for a national reconciliation strategy document that was drafted in March 2019.

  • Support the signing of a “Charter for Peaceful Coexistence in Fezzan” between more than 70 respected representatives from southern Libya in 2019.

  • Supported the establishment Network of Local Mediators in 2020 with approximately 160 mediators from all over Libya. Mentor them to improve these processes based on international best practices in mediation and peacebuilding.

  • Project partnered with UNITAR in developing a training program for the Network to improve their capacities on different topics such Mediation skills, Conflict Analysis, Conflict resolution, etc.

  • Supported the Libyan Economic Experts Commission (LEEC) through logistical and technical backing and a series of meetings inside and outside Libya along with full capacity detailed consultations and stakeholders mapping.

  • Support 5+5 Joint Military Committee in organizing and facilitating several meetings inside and outside Libya .

  • Health diplomacy initiative was one of the 1st lines of National Tailored well-edged dialogues funded by the project to gather national health workers to plan together for how to combat the threat that COVID-19 poses to the country.

  • Facilitated the establishment of the HCNR by supporting the PC in organizing the 1st legal framework workshop. Also, advocate for the institutionalization of reconciliation mechanisms with the NR strategy at the national level, through the adoption of a legal framework workshop with the Presidential Council in May/June 2021.

Impact

START DATE

January 2017

END DATE

December 2022

STATUS

Ongoing

PROJECT OFFICE

Libya

IMPLEMENTING PARTNER

United Nations Development Programme

DONORS

GOVERNMENT OF ITALY

Peacebuilding Fund

US Department of State, Office to monitor & combat Tracking in persons.

TOTAL CONTRIBUTIONS

$6,801,416

DELIVERY IN PREVIOUS YEARS

2016$0

2017$868,997

2018$1,971,090

2019$768,987

2020$404,150

2021$882,614

2022$275,066

Full Project information