Goal 3: Good health and well-being
Health is a driver, indicator and outcome of sustainable development. Healthy people are better able to contribute to the development of their countries. The world has made great progress against several of the leading causes of death and disease. Life expectancy has increased dramatically; infant and maternal mortality have declined; we have turned the tide on the HIV epidemic, and malaria deaths have halved.
The 2030 Agenda reflects and responds to the increasing complexity and interconnectedness of health and development, including widening economic and social inequalities, rapid urbanization, threats to the climate and the environment, the continuing burden of HIV and other infectious diseases and emerging health challenges such as noncommunicable diseases. SDG 3—to “ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages”—and nearly 50 targets across 14 goals are critical to ensuring health and wellbeing for all. Universal health coverage, based on the principles of equity, access and quality, will be integral to achieving SDG 3, ending poverty and reducing inequalities. Emerging global health priorities not explicitly included in the SDGs, including antimicrobial resistance, also demand action.
But the world is off-track to achieve the health-related SDGs. Progress has been uneven, both between and within countries. There remains a 31-year discrepancy between the countries with the shortest and longest life expectancies. While some countries have made impressive gains, national averages hide the fact that some populations, groups and communities are being left behind. Multisectoral, rights-based and gender-sensitive approaches are essential to address health-related inequalities, strengthening inclusive governance and building resilient systems for health.
At least 400 million people have no basic health services, and 40% of the world’s people lack social protection.
More than 1.6 billion people live in fragile settings where protracted crises, combined with weak national capacity to deliver basic health services, present a significant challenge to global health.
By the end of 2017, 21.7 million people living with HIV were receiving antiretroviral therapy. Yet more than 15 million people are still waiting for treatment.
Every 2 seconds someone aged 30 to 70 years dies prematurely from noncommunicable diseases - cardiovascular disease, chronic respiratory disease, diabetes or cancer.
7 million people die every year from exposure to fine particles in polluted air.
One in three
More than one of every three women have experienced either physical or sexual violence at some point in their life resulting in both short- and long-term consequences for their physical, mental, and sexual and reproductive health.