Goal 13: Climate action
There is no country in the world that is not experiencing first-hand the drastic effects of climate change. Greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, and are now more than 50 percent higher than their 1990 level. Further, global warming is causing long-lasting changes to our climate system, which threatens irreversible consequences if we do not take action now.
The annual average losses from tsunamis, tropical cyclones and flooding amount to hundreds of billions of dollars, requiring an investment of US$6 billion annually in disaster risk management alone. The goal aims to mobilize $100 billion annually by 2020 to address the needs of developing countries and help mitigate climate-related disasters.
Helping more vulnerable regions, such as land locked countries and island states, adapt to climate change must go hand in hand with efforts to integrate disaster risk measures into national strategies. It is still possible, with the political will and a wide array of technological measures, to limit the increase in global mean temperature to two degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. This requires urgent collective action.
As of 2017 humans are estimated to have caused approximately 1.0°C of global warming above pre-industrial levels.
Global sea levels have risen by about 20 cm since 1880 and are projected to rise another 30–122 cm by 2100.
To limit warming to 1.5C, global net CO2 emissions must drop by 45% between 2010 and 2030, and reach net zero around 2050.
Climate pledges under The Paris Agreement cover only one third of the emissions reductions needed to keep the world below 2°C.
Bold climate action could trigger at least US$26 trillion in economic benefits by 2030.
The energy sector alone will create around 18 million more jobs by 2030, focused specifically on sustainable energy.