As the specialized agency of the United Nations focusing on Development, UNDP has a mandate of supporting countries in their development path, and coordinating the UN System at the country level.
In this capacity, the UN Secretary General requested UNDP to be the MDG Scorekeeper (PDF), in addition to UNDP's programmatic work for accomplishing the MDGs. The "Road map towards the implementation of the United Nations Millennium Declaration" (PDF, Annex – para. 4) notes that UNDP will coordinate the reporting on progress towards the Millennium Development Goals at the country level.
As the scorekeeper, UNDP supports the implementation of the United Nations Development Group (UNDG) Core Strategy (PDF), including :
- Coordination and provision of financial support for the preparation of MDG country monitoring reports; and
- Forging closer collaboration within UN Country Teams on policy advocacy, while promoting a strong response to national MDG priorities through United Nations Development Assistance Frameworks (UNDAFs) and Country Programmes.
UNDP, in collaboration with the UNDG and the Inter Agency Expert Group (IAEG) on Targets and Indicators, has been providing technical and financial support to countries in reporting progress on their national MDG targets. UNDP has also been developing the MDG National Report Guidelines (PDF), which are updated every few years to reflect emerging development priorities and agendas.
MDG country reports are one of the best instruments for obtaining nationally-generated MDG based evidence, and for extracting main challenges and opportunities.
To date, more than 400 nationally-owned reports have been developed and published. Data and lessons generated in these reports helped make a strong case for the UNDG endorsed and UNDP field-tested MDG Acceleration Framework (MAF), one of the key outcomes of the 2010 UN Summit (PDF).
The last round of national MDG reports will provide a collective review and key lessons learnt for MDG achievement, and will help inform and shape the post-2015 development agenda.