Development and mine action
Landmines, cluster munitions and other Explosive Remnants of War (ERW) pose a threat to people’s lives and livelihoods long after conflict has stopped. They also impede humanitarian action and pathways to sustainable development. The vast majority of victims of landmines and other ERW are civilians. More than half of the affected states are least developed countries.
Mine action programmes aim to limit, mitigate and ultimately abolish the impact of landmines and other ERW through the five core activities related to mine action; i) mine clearance, ii) risk reduction education, iii) survivor and victim assistance, iv) stockpile destruction, and v) advocacy.
UNDP’s approach to mine action follows three tracks:
- Context analysis and needs assessment to collect information on developmental impacts of landmines/ERWs and developing the required SDG aligned policies and institutional capacities to enhance the overall benefits of mine action programming;
- Support national and local authorities to undertake planning, prioritization and reporting of mine action activities based on expected development outcomes;
- Sharp focus on development results to ensure measurable contributions to people’s lives and livelihoods.
There are three main policy and programmes focus areas for UNDP on development and mine action:
1) Strengthening livelihoods through Development and Mine Action programmes: This involves clearing and releasing land for productive uses towards peacebuilding, recovery and sustainable development.
2) Capacity-building of national institutions and civil society: UNDP provides technical advice, institutional support, mobilization of resources and supports the development of mine action data collection systems to inform policy and programmes to ensure maximum impact;
3) Compliance with international norms: UNDP advocates for the development of and adherence to international treaties and other normative frameworks that prohibit or regulate the use of weapons. In particular, UNDP promotes the universalization and implementation of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction (APMBC); the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM); the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW); and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD).