Strengthening climate policy, dialogues and processes
The post 2015 development agenda, which includes the Sendai Framework for DRR, outcomes of the World Humanitarian Summit, Agenda 2030 and the Sustainable Development Goals, the Addis Ababa Action Agenda on Financing for Development, and the Paris Climate Agreement, heralds a new era in the integration of climate change in development action.
In particular, the landmark Paris Climate Change Agreement, adopted by over 190 countries in December 2015, set the world on a new pathway toward sustainable development. All countries – large and small – pledged to keep global temperature rise to below 2, and ideally 1.5, degrees Celsius. To achieve this, each country agreed to develop a national plan, or Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), that will direct their national actions on climate change.
UNDP is helping countries to put the words of the Paris Agreement into action. This is particularly important for the design and delivery of NDCs. In the lead up to Paris, UNDP was a leading supporter to countries in preparing their Intended NDCs. We provided technical support and hosted or co-hosted numerous global and regional dialogues that brought governments and partners together to discuss the main elements of NDCs. Now, as countries focus on implementing their targets in the NDCs, we are scaling-up our direct technical and financial support on NDCs and related areas in line with our programming under the Green Climate Fund, Global Environment Facility, Adaptation Fund, UN-REDD and other multilateral and bilateral sources. We are working closely with our partners, such as the NDC Partnership, to ensure every country has support to achieve their goals.
In addition, as countries in the UNFCCC process continue to discuss the next steps for the Paris Agreement – the “rulebook” of guidance, mechanisms and tools that will help countries to achieve increasingly ambitious targets – UNDP is draws upon its experience to help countries design a system that is effective, efficient and equitable. UNDP provides technical support to delegations, negotiating groups and other stakeholders to identify and advocate for their priorities and provides a network of experts that countries can draw upon for support. This way, all countries – not only those with large and well-funded delegations – can ensure they have the technical, financial and capacity building resources they need to reduce emissions and increase their resilience to the impacts of climate change.