Reducing emissions, promoting clean energy and protecting forests
Reducing greenhouse gas emissions – or climate change mitigation – is crucial to reaching the Paris Agreement’s goal of limiting global average temperature rise to 2 – and ideally 1.5 – degrees Celsius. All sectors, including energy, transportation, industry, forests and agriculture must be made more sustainable. It is critical to accelerate innovative solutions such as promoting clean energy, developing or scaling-up new sustainable technologies, making equipment more energy efficient and changing consumer behavior in order to pave the way toward a cleaner future for all.
UNDP is committed to providing long-term support to countries to pursue zero-carbon and climate-resilient sustainable development. UNDP’s mitigation portfolio consists of over 280 projects and programmes in over 110 countries. Together with our partners, UNDP supports countries to take ambitious climate action using a wide range of strategies and approaches, including access to clean and affordable energy, energy efficiency and renewable energy, Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs), Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDS), Biennial Update Reports to the UNFCCC (BURs) and carbon finance, sustainable transport and infrastructure, inventories of hydrofluorocarbons, consumption and demonstration of climate-friendly alternative technologies and sustainable forestry.
On sustainable energy alone, UNDP has more than two decades of experience and considers sustainable energy as a critical enabler for poverty eradication, social progress, gender equality, enhanced resilience, economic growth and environmental sustainability. UNDP’s work in sustainable energy comprises three key action areas in line with SDG 7 targets: increasing access to affordable, reliable and sustainable energy; increasing the global rate of improvements in energy efficiency; and increasing the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix.
Reducing greenhouse gas emissions through conservation and sustainable management of forests is another key aspect of UNDP’s climate change mitigation portfolio. Deforestation and forest degradation accounts for more than 10% of global greenhouse gas emissions. It is now clear that the stabilization of global temperatures cannot be achieved without reducing emissions from the forest sector. In fact, land use and forests provide a quarter of all emission reductions planned by countries in their NDCs. UNDP’s work supporting countries with conservation and sustainable management of forests ensures emissions from forests will be reduced and carbon stocks will be enhanced while at the same time sustainable, equitable, low carbon development paths will be identified and put into practice.