Mitigation through reducing emissions and increasing carbon storage
We need to halve global emissions by 2030, and have carbon-neutral economies by 2050, if we are to avoid an irreversible climate crisis. Reducing greenhouse gas emissions – or climate change mitigation is essential to fulfilling commitments to the Paris Agreement and limiting global mean temperature increase to 1.5° C above pre-industrial levels. UNDP as the largest implementer of climate change support within the UN system plays a critical role by supporting countries in their emission reduction plans. All sectors, including energy, transportation, industry, forests and agriculture must be made more sustainable. It is critical to accelerate innovative solutions i.e. to promote clean energy, develop or scale-up new sustainable technologies, make equipment more energy efficient and change consumer behavior to pave way towards a sustainable future for all.
UNDP is committed to provide long-term development support to countries to pursue carbon neutrality by 2050. Our mitigation portfolio comprises of over 280 projects and programmes in over 110 countries. Together with our partners, we support countries to take ambitious climate action, advance Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), and use a wide range of strategies and approaches, including support with Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs), Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDS), Biennial Update Reports to the UNFCCC (BURs) and market-based instruments such as carbon finance.
UNDP believes sustainable energy can be a critical enabler for holistic development such as poverty reduction, economic growth and environmental sustainability. UNDP’s work in sustainable energy comprises of three key action areas in line with SDG 7 targets: increasing access to affordable, reliable and sustainable energy; increasing the global rate of improvements in energy efficiency; and increasing the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix. To achieve this UNDP assists policymakers put in place targeted public interventions and also to systematically identify the barriers and risks which pose a challenge to private sector investment.
Reducing greenhouse gas emissions through conservation and sustainable management of forests is another key aspect of UNDP’s climate change mitigation portfolio. Deforestation and forest degradation accounts for more than 10 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions. It is now clear that the stabilization of global temperatures cannot be achieved without reducing emissions from the forest sector. In fact, land use and forests provide a quarter of all emission reductions planned by countries in their NDCs. UNDP Climate and Forests team supports countries to conserve and sustainably manage forests and ensure sustainable and equitable, development paths that lead towards carbon neutrality. More information here: www.climateandforests-undp.org