Goal 6: Clean water and sanitation
Water scarcity affects more than 40 percent of people around the world, an alarming figure that is projected to increase with the rise of global temperatures as a result of climate change. Although 2.1 billion people have gained access to improved water sanitation since 1990, dwindling supplies of safe drinking water is a major problem impacting every continent.
In 2011, 41 countries experienced water stress – 10 of which are close to depleting their supply of renewable freshwater and must now rely on alternative sources. Increasing drought and desertification is already worsening these trends. By 2050, it is projected that at least one in four people will be affected by recurring water shortages.
Ensuring universal access to safe and affordable drinking water for all by 2030 requires we invest in adequate infrastructure, provide sanitation facilities, and encourage hygiene at every level. Protecting and restoring water-related ecosystems such as forests, mountains, wetlands and rivers is essential if we are to mitigate water scarcity. More international cooperation is also needed to encourage water efficiency and support treatment technologies in developing countries.
Water scarcity affects more than 40 percent of the global population, and that figure is projected to rise.
2.6 billion people have gained access to improved drinking water sources since 1990, but 663 million people are still without.
Each day, nearly 1,000 children die due to preventable water and sanitation-related diseases.
Women in sub-Saharan Africa collectively spend about 40 billion hours a year collecting water. This significantly impacts their employment opportunities.
2.4 billion people worldwide do not have access to basic sanitation services like toilets or latrines.
80 percent of wastewater from human activities is discharged into waterways without any pollution removal.