Support to the Disaster Management System in Viet Nam
This project builds on the success of the National Strategy and Action Plan for Water Disaster Mitigation, which established the first nationwide water disaster information and monitoring system. It takes the lessons learned in water disaster management and applies them to non-water and man-made disasters, from the provincial level down to districts and communes.
Strengthening Institutional Capacity for Disaster Risk Management in Viet Nam, including Climate Change related Disasters
Disaster risk management (DRM) is becoming increasingly pertinent as climate change (CC) is worsening recurrent natural disasters such as floods, storms and typhoons. Climate change is now a scientifically established fact and Viet Nam is one of the most affected countries by CC. Climate change is now seen as a threat to Human Development. The government of Viet Nam has estimated that accumulated flash floods accounted for more than 6% of deaths and 5% of total economic losses over the last ten years. The issue of CC is now high on the agenda of the Government as demonstrated by the ongoing formulation of a Viet Nam's National Target Programme to Respond to Climate Change (NTP RCC). Although this NTP addresses all aspects of CC, including adaptation in various sectors and greenhouse gas mitigation, the increased risks for natural disasters associated with CC need to be addressed.
Phase I (6 months emergency support): Strengthening the Management of Public Health Emergencies in Viet Nam - with focus
The outbreak of highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza (HPAI) in Viet Nam was first detected in December 2003. To date ten countries, areas or territories in the region have recorded outbreaks of HPAI; Viet Nam has the highest rate of infection and the largest number of transmissions to humans. The Government has actively tried to control the outbreaks by destroying a large number of bird populations but despite these measures, HPAI is still wide-spread. The negative economic impact for farmers and poultry producers and the potential risk to human health in case of widespread transmission to humans, threatens to seriously undermine the economic and social development progress achieved by Viet Nam in recent years. Furthermore, HPAI is a transboundary problem and represents a serious global health threat of potential pandemic proportions.
Making the Link: The Connection and Sustainable Management of Kon Ka Kinh National Park and Kon Chu Rang Nature Reserve
This is a medium sized GEF/UNDP project targeting the long-term conservation of the unique biological attributes of the Central Annamites Priority Landscape in Viet Nam, in which the Kon Ka Kinh National Park (KKK NP) and Kon Cha Rang Nature Reserve (KCR NR) are two sites of global importance. The project is implemented by the Gia Lai Forest Protection Department (FPD), on behalf of the Gia Lai Peoples Provincial Committee, in partnership with the Tropical Forest Trust (TFT). TFT will help with sustainable forest management in Dak Rong and Tram Lap State Forest Enterprise areas.
Flood Proofing of Poor Coastal and Inland Households in the Mekong River Delta of Viet Nam
Flooding is a major problem, which severely affects all the Mekong River riparian countries. Located in the lowest area of the Mekong River Basin, the annual flooding in the Mekong River Delta in Viet Nam is more frequent and the flooded areas are larger than in any other country of the Mekong River Basin. An Giang is the upstream province in the Mekong River Delta. The water depth and flood duration is higher and longer than those of other provinces in the region. Families living in low-level houses in the coastal and inland areas of the Mekong River Delta are the ones who suffer the most from the annual flooding. Flood waters seep into their houses with prolonged flooding rendering the houses inhabitable. In a worse case scenario, a strong wave of water may wash houses out completely. Rebuilding houses when people’s only source of income, rice crops, is also lost in a flood proves to be almost impossible.
Coastal and Marine Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Use in the Con Dao Islands Region
Con Dao National Park (CDNP) is globally significant because of its marine life, terrestrial habitat and location. The generally shallow waters of the island group contain coral reefs, sea-grass beds, and mangroves. These diverse habitats are home to a rich and significant diversity of marine biota, including 44 endangered species listed in the Viet Nam and IUCN Red Books.
Capacity building for Disaster Mitigation in Viet Nam
To promote sustainable development, disaster response must be more than emergency aid; it must seek to break the cycle of natural and man-made disasters, increased poverty, and degraded environments.
Capacity Building and Completion of the Overall National Plan for Environmental Remediation of Dioxin-Contaminated Hotspots in Viet Nam
During the armed conflict in Viet Nam over the period 1961-1971 herbicides were used to defoliate terrestrial forests and mangroves, to clear perimeters of military installations, and to destroy crops, This resulted in contamination by the dioxin TCDD (tetra chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin. Although the dioxin concentration of soil in sprayed areas is retreating to background levels, sites at former military airports where large quantities of herbicides were stored or handled are still highly contaminated with dioxin and they are referred to as “hot spots.” By international standards the levels of contamination clearly need to be remediated.The project targets the three worst contaminated hotspots: the airports of Bien Hoa, Da Nang and Phu Cat. They are sources of contamination for the surrounding environment, and pose a serious health risk to people.
Building Resilience of Communities to Recurrent Natural Disasters, particularly Flash Floods in the Upland Areas of Viet Nam
Viet Nam is highly prone to natural disasters, with more than 7,500 disaster-related deaths and about VND40,800 billion (EUR 2.0 billion) in losses over the last 10 years. The government has estimated that accumulated flash floods account for more than 6% of deaths and 5% of total economic losses over the last ten years.
Avian and Human Pandemic Influenza Joint Government - United Nations System Programme
Phase I of the Joint Programme (JP), which was implemented from October 2005 to July 2006 with total budget of USD6.93m, has helped to strengthen national preparedness for a human pandemic through development and implementation of the national preparedness plan, and specifically to address priority gaps including (a) support to vaccination of poultry; (b) post-vaccination surveillance, (c) strengthening targeted HPAI surveillance and response in animal and humans; (d) protecting humans involved in the poultry vaccination programme; (e) a nationwide avian influenza information, education and communication (IEC) campaign; (f) research to evaluate the efficacy of an inactivated H5 based vaccine in ducks; and (g) support to coordination and monitoring of donor and government activities.
Viet Nam Energy Efficient Public Lighting (VEEPL)
Public lighting, which includes lighting of streets, schools and hospitals, is still small in Viet Nam. Certain barriers have resulted in the installation of public lighting systems that are neither economically optimal, nor environment friendly. As the country continues to develop rapidly, public lighting is expected to grow quickly as well. Without effective intervention, Viet Nam is likely to be burdened with a public lighting sector that wastes public resources and contributes disproportionately to the national GHG emissions inventory.
Viet Nam Promoting Energy Conservation in Small and Medium Enterprises