Border Management Programme in Central Asia (BOMCA)

Project Goal

A security dog goes through its paces
UNDP in Uzbekistan: Improving the abilities of Uzbekistan's security forces is crucial to maintaining regional security

The 'Border Management Programme in Central Asia' works to increase security in Central Asia by promoting legitimate trade and transit, and by helping reduce the illicit movement of goods and people.

Uzbekistan borders all four other countries in Central Asia, namely Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan. The fight against international terrorism, organised crime, and drug and human trafficking are among the top national security concerns for the Uzbek Government. Uzbekistan is a member of the Council of CIS Border Guard Commanders, participates in the Central Asian Regional Information and Coordination Centre (CARICC) and the UN SC Counter Terrorism Committee, and hosts the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO).  

Since Uzbekistan’s independence, the number of Uzbek border crossing points (BCPs) have increased from 12 to 112. With this growing number of international BCPs, one of the key tasks for the Uzbek border agencies is to ensure both security at the border and the civilised crossing of goods and people.  

To address the needs of the countries in the region, in 2003 the European Union (EU) launched the Border Management Assistance Programme in Central Asia (BOMCA). In 2004, the Government of Uzbekistan endorsed BOMCA as a capacity building technical assistance program to assist its national border modernisation plans. BOMCA is a centrepiece of the mutually-beneficial partnership between the EU and the Government of Uzbekistan. Both sides are bound by bilateral agreements and the EU’s Regional Strategy for a New Partnership.

The Uzbek authorities have demonstrated a positive attitude towards the Integrated Border Management (IBM) concept, on which BOMCA is built. Under BOMCA auspices, some parts of the IBM concept and practices have become nationalised in the individual training and work plans of various Uzbek border agencies.


Our Results


  • Integrated EU best practices in border management into the Uzbek National Training Plan for Border Guards;
  • Created the first fully-fledged Inter-Agency Working Group (IAWG) in Central Asia. The project fulfils the Secretariat function of the IAWG, and supports the coordination of international assistance. The IAWG consists of 12 government ministries;
  • Published the Integrated Border Management Handbook for Central Asia, detailing best practices in border management in Central Asia;
  • Constructed and equipped a modern Training Centre for the Border Guards in Termez;
  • Constructed and equipped seven Border Crossing Points and Border Outposts;
  • Established two Drug Profiling Units at the Tashkent International Airport and the Keles railway station;
  • Provided dogs and trainings for dog handlers from Central Asian countries at the National Dog Training Centre in Tashkent;
  • Established a Donor Coordination Mechanism in border management, counterdrug operations and trade facilitation.

Project Start Date:
July 2011
Estimated End Date:
July 2014
Geographic Coverage:
Focus Area:
8. Uzbekistan and global partnership for development
The State Border Guards Committee under National Security Service, the State Customs Committee, the Ministry of Interior Affairs, the Ministry of Health, and the Ministry of Agriculture
EUR 1,264,716
Alfiya Musina, Country Manager

+998 71 1205697, 1206893

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