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Sustainable development

Tackling wildlife crime

Wildlife trafficking is unfortunately estimated to be among the most lucrative illegal trades. It is a multifaceted global threat that erodes biodiversity, strips countries of their national assets, and local communities of income-earning possibilities from tourism and sustainable use, while its revenue sometimes is used to fuel corruption and conflict.

To meet the challenges posed by wildlife trafficking, stronger institutions and law enforcement are needed. Equally important is take action to simultaneously reduce poverty through expanded livelihood opportunities and the involvement of indigenous and local communities in decision-making, as well as general awareness raising.

UNDP supports an integrated approach to combat illegal trade in wildlife and forest products. We support countries to diversify rural livelihoods, manage human-wildlife conflict, strengthen protected area management, share the benefits from sustainable wildlife management with local communities, and strengthen site-based and national enforcement responses. The UNDP-GEF biodiversity and ecosystems portfolio is the largest in the UN system, covering over 130 countries with funding and co-financing totaling USD 5 billion. UNDP is supporting 13 countries in the GEF-financed Global Wildlife Program, a global partnership aiming to reduce poaching, trafficking and demand for illegal wildlife products.

UNDP also facilitates south-south and triangular cooperation between source, transit and consumer countries. We explore partnerships with governments, CITES, sister UN agencies such as UNEP, CITES and UNODC, the World Bank, the Global Environment Facility, the United for Wildlife coalition, and other civil society and private sector partners.

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UNDP Around the world