Creative industries are more resilient to economic crisis
Creative Economy Report 2010 shows that creative industries offer untapped opportunities for growth
New York — Creative industries have shown more resilience to the impact of the global economic crisis than traditional manufacturing industries, according to the Creative Economy Report 2010 launched, today, at the United Nations.
Global exports of creative goods and services—ideas and creativity-centred industries such as arts and crafts, audiovisuals, books, design, films, music, new media, visual and performing arts— have more than doubled from 2002 to 2008, reaching nearly US$600 billion, according to the Report.
Despite the 12 percent decline in global commerce in 2008, world trade of creative goods and services continued to expand with an average annual growth rate of 14 percent.
The Report entitled Creative Economy: A Feasible Development Option argues that creativity-centred industries are a source of inclusive economic growth.
“If well nurtured, the creative economy can be a source of socio-economic growth, jobs, innovation, and trade, while at the same time contributing to social inclusion, cultural diversity, and sustainable human development,” said Rebeca Grynspan, Associate Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) during the launch.
“New technologies and the internet give developing countries a feasible option to promote their creativity and entrepreneurship in the global market,” said Edna dos Santos-Duisenberg, Chief of Creative Economy and Industries Programme of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).
The UNCTAD-UNDP publication showcases more than 40 concrete examples ranging from the fashion industry in Africa and Asia to soap operas in Mexico and Brazil, and from the film industry in India, to reggae in Jamaica and the carnival in Brazil and the Caribbean. Such industries in developing countries have been promoting trade, while often providing training and employment to the poor.
For example, Nigeria’s US$2.75 billion film industry is the third largest in the world, following the US and India. Nigeria’s ‘Nollywood’ produces more than 1,000 films annually, creating thousands of jobs and is the country’s second most important industry after oil. In recognition of its importance, the Government has invested in the film industry, reforming policies and providing training to promote film production and distribution.
The 2010 Creative Economy Report concludes with 10 policy recommendations on how creative industries can promote inclusive growth.
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