Mixed picture on human development in West Bengal
West Bengal releases three District Human Development Reports
Kolkata - An in-depth study of three districts in the Indian state of West Bengal reveals that where you live can determine your well-being as there are wide variations in human development between districts and also between rural and urban populations.
According to recent surveys, in the South 24 Parganas district of West Bengal gender gaps in literacy have been narrowing faster than the state average and more than one-third of women own land. In North 24 Parganas, however, the picture is mixed – with a rise in income and purchasing power in the ever-spreading urban areas, acute distress in the rural areas (in nearly 30% of rural households) and severe malnutrition in the slums. In Uttar Dinajpur district, women’s political empowerment is noteworthy at 35 percent of seats in Panchayati Raj Institutions even prior to reservation of seats for women but fertility rates of 4.9 are significantly higher than the state average of 2.4.
It is also reported that the Sunderbans in South 24 Parganas is highly vulnerable to climate change and it is estimated that 15 percent of the region will be submerged by 2020. Neglecting the Sunderbans can have global implications.
These are among the findings of the three District Human Development Reports (HDRs), for the districts of North 24 Parganas, South 24 Parganas and Uttar Dinajpur, released by the Government of West Bengal, maintaining its lead as the state far ahead in incorporating the human development approach in planning at district-levels.
Mr. Nirupam Sen, Minister-In-Charge, Development and Planning, Government of West Bengal, releasing the three District Human Development Reports produced with technical support from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Planning Commission, Government of India, said: “It is hoped that the DHDR will serve as a primary document for building a district vision and for assessing and redressing disparities within the district, and shall strengthen the capabilities of the District planning system in meeting people’s aspirations and needs.”
Acknowledging the significant strides made by the West Bengal government in integrating human development in state and district planning, Ms. Fadzai Gwaradzimba, Chief South and West Asia Division, Regional Bureau for Asia and the Pacific, UNDP said: “The strong linkages that these District HDRs have with planning processes in West Bengal is unique and ensures that human development reports do not merely remain books on the shelf but actually inform the planning process at the district and sub-district levels. Action at the local-level is critical if national development and the globally agreed Millennium Development Goals are to be achieved. With its immense experience in human development analysis and action, India can play a lead role in sharing its expertise in a south-south context as well as globally.”
Twenty years ago, UNDP promoted the human development paradigm with the launch of the first Human Development Report in 1990. In 2010 UNDP commemorates the 20th Anniversary of the Human Development Reports brought out by Mahbub ul Haq working in collaboration with Amartya Sen, both eminent economists from South Asia, to put people at the centre of development planning. India has taken the lead in adopting this approach and has pioneered in bringing out government-owned state and district HDRs. With support from UNDP and the Planning Commission 21 states have prepared their HDRs and 80 district-level HDRs are at various stages of preparation. The central government has also recommended that the district HDRs should replace the district gazetteers (official notification about the district) in all 600 districts of India.
West Bengal has long been at the forefront of incorporating the human development approach in planning at state and district levels. The West Bengal HDR won the 2004 global Human Development Award for excellence in quality of analysis. The state has already released three district reports (Malda, Bankura and Birbhum) and among them the Bankura district report was shortlisted for the 2009 Human Development Awards for excellence in innovation and measurement. District Administrations are using these district HDRs for identifying causes of backwardness and to identify ways of addressing the challenges highlighted through these reports.
West Bengal also holds the distinction of bringing out ‘Bhanga Gara’ or To Break, To Create, a film examining human development challenges. The film which was produced by the Film and Television Institute of India and UNDP, highlights two diametrically opposite development challenges in the district of Malda -- lack of water and flooding -- and won the award for the best scientific film at the country’s prestigious 55th National Awards, adding yet another feather in West Bengal’s cap.
Dr. Surjya Kanta Mishra, Minister-In-Charge, Health and Family Welfare, Government of West Bengal, was the Chief Guest at the event. He released ‘Naari-O-Aain,’ a compendium on the acts and rules for women in the state.