Factsheet: UNDP's support to the Mozambique elections
The fourth general election in Mozambique will take place on Wednesday 28 October 2009.
For the first time ever, provincial assembly elections will be conducted along with the presidential and legislative polls. Approximately 9.4 million people have registered to vote, representing 96 per cent of the estimated potential electorate. This year’s electoral roll update included seven neighboring countries where many Mozambicans live —Kenya, Malawi, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe— as well as Germany and Portugal. There are about 12,600 polling stations in the country, and 104 abroad.
Only three parties were successful in submitting candidates for the presidential elections —Frelimo, Renamo and the new Mozambican Democratic Movement (MDM). The elected president will serve for a period of five years. If no one candidate attains 50 percent of the vote, then a second round would be conducted.
Countrywide, a total of 17 parties and two coalitions are taking part in the parliamentary and provincial assembly elections. The 250 members of parliament are also elected for five years.
UNDP support to the electoral process
This year, UNDP allocated US$1.4 million in support of the elections, while Canada contributed $500,000. UNDP assistance has focused on improving the technical skills and resources of the bodies running the election —the Electoral Administration Technical Secretariat (STAE) and the National Electoral Commission (CNE)— and on building legal and ethical awareness among electoral officers. This year, STAE trained 15,000 registration officers, 66,000 polling officers, and 1,500 civic education agents. In addition, UNDP provided the electoral bodies with computers and equipment for printing election-related materials.
UNDP has been supporting awareness-raising activities among several civil society groups about the elections, the importance of a fair electoral process and the rights of the citizen. The training of journalists and parties focused on the new set of electoral laws and codes of conduct. Special attention has also been paid to the involvement of women’s organizations. In addition, UNDP worked with the police on appropriate conduct at voting booths on Election Day.
UNDP has facilitated access to information and enhanced communication between the political parties and the electoral institutions. We supported the establishment of media centres in the capital, Maputo, and in three provincial capitals to strengthen media coverage of the elections. In addition, with UNDP’s support, STAE is maintaining a website on the elections (www.stae.org.mz).
UNDP is coordinating an International Observer Mission made up of staff from 12 embassies stationed in Mozambique. The Danish, Dutch, German, Irish, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Swiss and US embassies, as well as the high commissions of Canada and the UK are all taking part in this mission. Furthermore, UNDP is facilitating the exchange of information among different observer teams and the Mozambican authorities.
UNDP has supported Mozambique’s electoral processes since the first multi-party parliamentary and presidential elections in 1994.
For further information on UNDP’s role in supporting the elections and fostering democratic governance in Mozambique, please contact:
Eeva Parviainen, Communications Officer
Tel: +258 21 481 409; Email: email@example.com