Europe and the CIS

ALBANIA: Raising Public Awareness and Changing Attitudes Regarding Domestic Violence in Albania

Proposed Outcomes: Support effective implementation of the NSGE-DV. Specifically, target the implementation of the following four objectives of the NDGE-DV:  (i) strengthen the legal and institutional frameworks on gender equality; (ii) increase women's participation in decision-making; (iii) improve the situation of women at risk through increasing access to quality social services; and (iv) eradicate domestic violence. Implement interventions collaborating with 4 NGOs across four school districts (Lushnja, Fier, Malesia e Madhe/Koplik, and Lezha) with a view to increasing public awareness and to supplement ongoing activities under the Joint Programme.

Reported Results: Conducted large-scale awareness-raising campaign across 4 school districts involving students marching through the streets and even going door to door to talk to citizens about gender equality, women's and children's rights and the consequences of domestic and gender-based violence. To promote the project and its messages, all four districts organized talk shows or other TV broadcasts to highlight the events. Across the four districts, sensitized over 11,000 pupils to the issues of gender equality, women and children's rights and domestic and gender-based violence. Additionally, disseminated information about legal protection to pupils, teachers and other citizens, thereby increasing the legal literacy of the population, especially the younger generation. The growing number of cases requiring police and courts attention in the last year is proof that awareness activities supported by UNDP and other organizations have played a role in facilitating understanding that domestic violence is a violation of concrete laws.

ARMENIA: Promoting Equal Rights and Equal Opportunities in Armenia

Proposed Outcomes: To address the challenge of the promotion of gender equality in Armenia by increasing women's representation in decision-making and supporting the government of Armenia in the implementation of the National Action Plan.

Reported Results: Conducted a comprehensive gap analysis of national legislation, after which the Government of Armenia recognized the importance of the promotion of gender equality and reflected it as a priority in the RA Government Programme for 2008-2012. Developed a Draft Law on State Guarantees for Equal Rights and Equal Opportunities for Women and Men together with a Concept Paper on the State Gender Policy. Incorporated gender equality provisions and schemes into UNDP's Strtaegic Action Plan, national, sectoral, and local development strategies and educational institutions. Contributed to the development and application of gender mainstreaming recommendations for PRSP 2nd generation 2009-2012 and MDG localization. Piloted a gender-responsive budget and a comprehensive gap analysis of national statistical data. Reached 2,300,000 people through a media campaign and sensitized 7,000 civil servants to gender. Incorporated a gender module into the mandatory training curriculum for civil servants. As a result of capacity building activities organized n 5 pilot regions of Armenia on the eve of 2008 local elections.,31 out of 102 trained participants chose to run for the local elections (30.4 percent), and 14 of them were elected as community council members (45.1 perecent of the trained female candidates). Overall, the number of elected women in these regions increased by 21.7 percent. In contrast, in the regions that were not part of the UNDP training program, the number of elected women dropped by almost 25 percent.

KOSOVO: Women's Participation in Shaping the New Kosovo

Proposed Outcomes: Normalize relations among social groups and between communities, citizens and institutions. Increase women politicians' and election candidates' awareness of and advocacy for gender issues and concerns. Increase communication between Serb and Kosovar women in Kosovo towards peace and stability.

Reported Results: Brought over 280 women from civil society and women in politics from all municipalities (including at decision-making levels) together for the first time to discuss gender related issues, to attend trainings related to the same issues, to debate and prioritize issues that need to be raised at the local and central level, and to sign Memorandums of Understanding obliging them to collaborate in the future. Participants agreed on what issues should be a priority to local government when drafting national legislation on gender equality, including the establishment of an Office for Gender Equality in all municipalities as well as the establishment of interest groups to lobby and advocate for gender issues, increase the level of women's representation in all decision-making structures of governance, and engage women parliamentarians in the process of drafting Election Law. Facilitated multiethnic collaboration between Albanian and Serbian NGOs which increased communication and trust between Serbian and Albanian women in Kosovo toward peace and security. As a result of these meetings, the NGO La NORMA signed an agreement with UNIFEM to lead activities to continue strengthening cooperation between the two groups of women. All organized activities were recorded and presented in respective local programs, additional TV and radio programs were recorded, and 4 gender-focused brochures were developed.

KYRGYZSTAN: Support to Rural Women-Informal Workers

Proposed Outcomes: Establish better opportunities for rural and other vulnerable groups working in the informal economy through; building capacities of rural women-informal workers; providing self-employed rural workers with improved access to credits, grant resources, and other market and financial resources; and developing appropriate policies in support of informal workers, including developing a regulatory framework.

Reported Results: Increased economic activity among target women beneficiaries.  Systemic monitoring of the project shows considerable improvement of women employment generation and job creation. Developed recommendations to existing legislations on labor and entrepreneurship that have served as a guiding policy document for further improvement of relevant regulatory frameworks. Increased capacities of rural women informal workers: 2580 rural women received access to consultations and information and 1182 rural women received specific skills training to develop products in line with market demand. Established a Small Capital Grant Facility providing services to women informal workers to improve access to financial capital in the amount of $100,000. Offered start up grants and other financial and market services to create demand for their products and services. 1153 women received non-collateral credits, 13 women received credits through the Microleasing facility, 231 women received job opportunities through small grants support, and all women are now able to license their business activities within existing regulations. Conducted a series of discussions with the Women Alliance of Legislative Initiatives and the UNDP Gender Team. Completed a gender analysis in discussion with government agencies, Pariliament, CSOs and UN agencies. Project was continuously highlighted in the media: 20 TV spots on women stories were produced; 9 articles were published in local newspapers; and local electronic mass media was utilized 17 times. Developed two knowledge products: "Gender analysis of legislation in a sphere of labor, employment and entrepreneurship" and "Promotion of rural women entrepreneurship" containing women success business stories. Increased the capacity of the Associations of Self-help Groups (SHGAs) which is now able to run sustainable business and income generating activities without project support.

SOUTH EAST EUROPE: Improving the position of women in police services

Proposed Outcomes: To support measures aimed at achieving gender equality in police services and to mainstream gender into policing practice in South East Europe with the aim of increasing the gender responsiveness of police services.

Reported Results: The project activities increased the awareness on gender issues in police services and the general public in South East Europe and led to the establishment of the Women Police Officers Network in SEE (WPON), as the first instrument in our region for mainstreaming gender best-practices in the work of the police services.

The South East Europe Police Chiefs Association (SEPCA) realized the importance of addressing gender issues and initiated in 2009 the establishment of the Women Police Officers Network (WPON) in SEE. In order to determine the baseline data on the position of women in police services and identify areas that police services should address in the future, a regional survey was undertaken by 8 police services in the region, with the expert support of international partners. To support the development of research methodology and provide support in the finalization of the research report, three expert group meetings were organized throughout 2009. The report was finalized and endorsed by police directors in SEE in the first half of 2010.

 The report “Establishing the Southeast Europe Women Police Officers –Research Findings” covers issues of recruitment and admission of women in the police service, education and training, career development, an overview of normative regulations, discrimination, and the issue of creating associations as a way to improve quality and efficiency of the police work, as well as gender equality. In addition, the report outlines several recommendations and will serve as an advocacy tool for gender mainstreaming initiatives within police services throughout the region. The report is available from:

 Through GTTF support in 2009 and 2010, UNDP/SEESAC achieved the following results:  (1) completion and publication of the gender in policing report; (2) facilitation of the setting up of the network through drafting of key documents and plans for the WPON and  support for the selection of a Steering Committee for the establishment of the WPON.

 GTTF seed money was instrumental for setting up of a two years project on gender mainstreaming in police practice in SEE, through which support is provided for capacity development of the WPON members to advocate for gender equality and for the establishment of the national associations of women police officers which will serve as mechanisms for advancement of gender equality at the national level.