Asia and the Pacific

BHUTAN: Mainstreaming Gender: Supporting Women in Bhutan

Proposed Outcomes: Create a supportive and enabling environment for women by increasing women's representation at al levels of governance, developing adequate procedures and mechanisms to address violence against women and by mainstreaming gender into key plans, policies, programs, and legislations. Support implementation of three key interventions out of seven identified in the draft National Plan of Action for Gender which include: good governance, violence against women, and prejudices and stereotypes.

Reported Results: Sensitized 30 participants from media agencies along with participants from UN agencies and civil society on media ethics and responsibilities, CRC, CEDAW, how to cover crimes against women and children and other gender related issues. Set up a One-Stop-Crisis centre at a National Referral Hospital. Trained 7 national GFPs from various government agencies in gender and development. Developed a gender research study on "Gender Stereotyped and Women's Political Participation." Trained GFPs from the National Statistics Bureau in the analysis of gender-disaggregated data. The legislative taskforce reviewed and finalized the Draft Juvenile Justice Act as the Child Care and Protection Bill. Carried out a national consultation to review 16 recommendations from Police and 8 recommendations from Judiciary regarding the new bill. Conducted a sensitization program for cabinet ministers on CRC, CEDAW and other gender issues. Procured equipment for the NCWC, CRM and WCPU offices. Conducted a briefing on NCWC, CRC, CEDAW and other gender issues for Cabinet Ministers. Upgraded NCWC to a fully autonomous organization with a cabinet minister as Chairperson. Revamped the NCWC website and aired radio jingles for awareness-raising on CRC, CEDAW and other gender related issues.

INDONESIA: Gender Equity and Women's Rights: Raising the Profile

Proposed Outcomes: Raise awareness of women's rights and gender equity issues through the following activities: conduct a survey or opinion poll to be published on attitudes and perceptions of women's rights and gender equity in Indonesia; establish a partnership with Indonesia's peak women's groups and relevant government bodies to shape, drive, and promote the publication; and translate the results from the poll into policy action.

Reported Results: This project is ongoing, but key achievements to date include: established a partnership with Indonesia's leading women's groups and relevant government bodies to help shape the poll; and conducted the national poll (polling 2,158 people with even ration of men to women) across 33 provinces on attitudes towards women's political, economic, and social rights and gender equity. Results from the poll will form the basis of a national policy workshop to be conducted in Jakarta in mid-June 2009.

IRAN: Capacity Building for National Project Counterparts in the Area of Gender Mainstreaming

Proposed Outcomes: Build the capacities for national project counterparts in the area of gender mainstreaming with a goal to create a buzz around gender issues and build up a demand for gender capacities among UNDP staff and national counterparts.

Reported Results: Organized a series of gender TOTs for selected UNDP-Iran members of the UN-Gender Thematic Group. Held gender sensitization workshops and capacity building workshops for various national counterparts. Nominated Gender Focal Points (GFPs) from each national counterpart and established a gender network among the GFPs. Launched a Gender Mentorship Programme for 20 freelance journalists from which 8 journalists passed the selected criteria and 20 articles were published. Established a gender e-library and contributed to the women's film festival.

MONGOLIA: Joint UN Programme on Prevention of Violence Against Women and Children

Proposed Outcomes: Facilitate concerted efforts of government and civil society actors in: combating violence against women and children; promoting preventive interventions, legal awareness and empowerment of the public; improving counseling services for and legal redress of victims; and enhancing the brokering role of the UN agencies in this process.

Reported Results: Ratified the Palermo Protocol to include provisions on human trafficking into the criminal law and developed a manual on human trafficking issues for judges, prosecutors, and police investigation officers. Trained 61 lawyers responsible for the implementation of the Law on Domestic Violence. Local government officers have since provided legal advice to 600 people who experienced DV and GBV using practical skills and knowledge learned from the workshop. Developed a special research tool called "Web of Institutionalization" to conduct a research study on GBV including research into previous studies, available services for victims, and an analysis of the current understanding of GBV by community members, service provides, CSO activists, law enforcement officers, and policy makers. Sensitized 148 people living in border areas to human trafficking and sensitized the community to GBV more broadly, including workshops targeting men and boys. Improved the General Police Department's database system to include a component on domestic violence cases registered throughout the country. By June 2008, 52 domestic violence cases were registered in the database of the General Police Department. Improved the capacity of service delivery and protection agencies with recommendations for setting up One-Stop-Service-Centres. Developed a perpetrators' behaviour change programme as part of the National Programme to Combat Domestic Violence. The project has benefited from a collaborative attitude and true commitment of the UN agencies - namely that of UNDP, UNFPA and WHO - who expressed their commitment through providing financial resources and staff-time devotion. UNDP allocated additional $100,000 to support follow-up activities. 

MYANMAR: Promoting Gender Equality in Rural Communities through the Human Development Initiative in Myanmar

Proposed Outcomes: The original goa of the project was to improve the newly established UNCT Gender Theme Group chaired by UNDP to better promote gender equality effectively in Myanmar. However, on 2-3 of May 2008, Cyclone Nargis hit Myanmar. Significant areas covered by the UNDP HDI programme were affected by the cyclone. Thus, the scope of the GTTF project was modified to focus on the new reality of the Myanmar HDI programme, effectively shifting the emphasis from gender equality in rural areas, to gender mainstreaming in emergency respond and early recovery.

Reported Results: With its flexibility and ability to react immediately to a new set of challenges, UNDP Myanmar has made some notable achievements.  Authored a section on "Gender as a Cross-Cutting Issue" in the ASEAN-UN-Myanmar Government Post Nargis Assessment Report (PONJAR), released at the ASEAN Foreign Ministerial meeting in Signapore. The gender advisor's analysis and recommendations in the Post Nargis Joint Assessment Report (PONJAR) was one of the sections most often cited by the international media, raising the profile of the gendered impact of this national disaster. Developed indicators for the qualitative part of the next study (PONREPP) and provided recommendations for the next draft. Included strategic gender activities within the Early Recovery Programme to enhance the participation of women in income-earning ER activities and reduce their burden of care for children, sick and elderly. Incorporated advocacy messages and social mobilization techniques to reduce gendered vulnerability to GBV, HIV/AIDS, and trafficking. Contributed to an action-oriented booklet for all clusters on how to enhance participation of women in cyclone relief activities. Provided technical advice on designing the research to form the basis for a government National Plan of Action for the Protection of Women in Emergencies. Mainstreamed gender into the Early Recovery cluster process as well as UNDP's 12 month Early Recovery Programme document. Provided gender mainstreaming advice to the Protection of Children and Women (PCW) cluster. Provided technical input to BCPR on the implementation of the Eight Point Agenda. Conducted a peer review of the World Bank Social Impact Assessment of the Nargis response from a gender perspective. Prepared text for the UN/INGO shadow report to CEDAW. Provided input on CO management documents such as ROAR and the scorecard. In the Protection Cluster, UNDP's gender advisor was able to advocate for the development of a National Plan of Action for protection of women in emergencies. In order to collect the requisite data for this plan, the Department of Social Welfare authorized the sub-cluster to undertake a wide-ranging field survey, including seeking data on such previously forbidden topics such as incidences of domestic violence, rape, HIV/AIDS, trafficking and other forms of sexual exploitation and abuse. UNDP Myanmar contributed 63 percent of the total gender project funds and will continue to fund the project's activities throughout 2009. Additionally the gender advisor's contract will be extended for 12 months in order to build lasting capacity among national staff to continue with gender mainstreaming and to ensure sustainable results.

SAMOA: Sub-Regional Project on Increasing Civil Society Organization's Activities to Cope with VAW & Girl Child and UNDP/UN's Ability to Properly Recognize and Implement Gender-Sensitive Programmes

Proposed Outcomes: Address the prevalence of violence against women (VAW) in 3 Island Countries (including Samoa) and improve the ability of the UNDP Multi-Country Office (MCO) to implement gender sensitive programmes. Actively contribute to the wellbeing of women through networking and collaboration with families, communities, government and non-government organizations. Develop and strengthen the referral networks and build capacities for counselors. Initiate advocacy and awareness raising campaigns.

Reported Results: Trained statistician on VAW in the Cook Islands and obtained baseline data on domestic violence. Targeted men in awareness-raising activities in Tokleau. Made counseling services available for victims of domestic violence in Tokleau. Strengthened referral networks in Niue. Conducted awareness raising activities across all participating regions including VAW television advertisements on 2 broadcasting stations in Samoa.

SRI LANKA: Enhanced Women's Political Representation and Participation in Decision-Making

Proposed Outcomes: This project was first initiated in 2008 with DGTTF funding. In 2009 additional funding was secured from the GTTF for the purpose of supporting a knowledge building initiative on peacebuilding for women leaders in Sri Lanka.

Reported Results: The project is still ongoing, but activities completed to date include: conducted a knowledge-building visit from women leader from conflict-affected regions in Sri Lanka to Aceh, Indonesia to learn about the peacebuilding process; prepared a concept note for the project shared with the Ministry and the Gender Team at HQ. Concept note has since been passed onto UNDP Indonesia in preparation for the mission.