Mapping the Global Partnership for Development
A country’s development prospects depend in large part on its climate, geography and natural resources. Its policy choices, institutional capacities and governance also shape its opportunities. But in a globalizing world, countries must also deal with larger issues such as trade, migration and climate change,driven by forces beyond their borders. If developing countries are to make faster progress towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and sustainable human development, they need to meet the challenges of globalization. At the same time, developed countries must ensure that their own policies are in line with their commitments to build a global partnership for development.
UNDP is working on an initiative to design and put to work a tool to analytically map the ways in which a range of global issues affect poverty in particular countries. This tool will be used to generate policies on global issues that support better lives for poor people.
The mapping tool will capture information about the global issues that matter in a country, mirroring the challenges faced by policy-makers.
The evidence generated through these country-level mappings will be used to stimulate discussion on two broad questions:
- How might particular developing countries respond to the global issues that matter for them?
- What might policy-makers, particularly in the developed world, do, both to support particular countries’ responses to global issues, and to make their own policies on a particular global issue more 'development-friendly'?
Stakeholders in developing countries will be the primary users of the evidence generated. Government policy-makers might use it to make decisions. For instance, a mapping might show that when nurses from developing countries emigrate to the developed world, the country’s ability to deliver basic health services suffers, leading the government to train more nurses or take steps to stem the flow.
Policy-makers in developed countries may use the evidence to help shape their relations with developing countries. For example, can the UK Government’s policies on trade or arms exports be made more sensitive to development concerns? Can the Government better help a partner in the developing world respond more effectively to the challenges of climate change?
Country-level mappings are comprised of three major elements: a short profile of the country, considering its economic, political, social and environmental aspects; an assessment of how well the country engages on a range of global issues; and an analysis of the possible domestic and international policy implications for the country concerned.
Each country-level mapping will provide information about the impacts of a number of global issues. The qualitative data will deliver rich and detailed analytical accounts. The quantitative data will enable some cross-issue and cross-country comparison, and will track the compliance of external actors with their international commitments.
For each global issue, data collection will be guided by a template which sets out UNDP’s understanding of how the issue affects development, identifies appropriate indicators and suggests useful data sources. UNDP’s current templates include the following: