South-South cooperation (SSC) is about developing countries working together to find solutions to common development challenges. Linked by similarities in their development contexts and challenges, the countries of the South have been increasingly active in sharing knowledge, exchanging technologies, and forming common agenda and collective actions. Donor countries of the North also have made notable efforts in supporting the cooperation among developing countries and accepted triangular cooperation (TrC) as a way to make North-South aid more effective. It is a powerful tool for building new partnerships and creating more democratic and equitable forms of global interdependence and governance.
UNDP proposes to make South-South and triangular cooperation core ways of working in its programmes and operations at the global, regional and country levels. Our focus will be on sustaining and expanding South-South and triangular cooperation that maximizes mutual benefits. Our role will be that of a knowledge broker, builder of capacities and facilitator of exchanges driven primarily by programme countries themselves, working with other interested stakeholders including Governments from the Organization of economic Cooperation and Development and non-state entities.
UNDP Target Areas for South-South
UNDP will target three areas: first, knowledge on what has worked and what has not together with information on who is involved and what they can offer; second, enabling harmonization of policies, legal frameworks and regulations to increase opportunities for South-South exchanges; and third, strategic funding and technical cooperation from a variety of sources, to build the capacity of programme countries to implement SSC, manage the ‘start-up’ costs of collaboration and finance the scaling-up of promising ideas.
In supporting SSC, UNDP will tackle two major functions. First, by hosting the United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation (UNOSSC), strengthen support for system-wide coordination and action, under the guidance of the High level Committee. Secondly, UNDP’s country and programmatic reach and resources to provide a global operational arm for South-South and triangular cooperation that will also be accessible to other members of the UN Development System.
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Video: South-South Cooperation in 75 seconds
Xiaojun Grace Wang, Lead Adviser for South-South Cooperation, provides an overview on the opportunities and challenges on South-South and Triangular Cooperation.
The global development cooperation landscape is changing rapidly. Emerging economies and other developing countries have become key actors in the new development architecture.
The UNDP Newsletter for South-South and Triangular Cooperation for Sustainable Human Development.
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