Extractive Industries for Sustainable Development
Many countries have financed their development through resource extraction. However, there are risks related to natural resource wealth. These include volatile economic growth; limited job creation; violent conflicts; corruption; environmental degradation; gender violence; and spread of HIV and AIDS among communities impacted by extraction activities. Such negative outcomes of resource extraction, however, are not inevitable. They can be tackled through effective strategies, legal frameworks and policies.
Recognizing the far-reaching impacts of extractive activities, UNDP has adopted a new Strategy for Supporting Sustainable and Equitable Management of the Extractive Industries. The Strategy builds on UNDP’s past and on-going projects in the sector, implemented in diverse political, social and cultural contexts.
Our Strategy adopts a broad approach to the governance of extractive industries. When laying the foundations, UNDP supports countries to strengthen their legal and institutional frameworks to negotiate and enforce contracts in transparent and accountable ways; and to ensure that exploration and extraction operations are environmentally and socially sustainable. The Strategy supports countries to manage revenues transparently and deal with volatilities in these revenues. Moreover, it supports countries to put these funds to good use, by investing in economic diversification, as well as in human, social, physical and financial capital.
UNDP works to enhance the participation of civil society, women’s organisations, indigenous peoples and other affected groups in the decision-making processes to ensure effective governance of the extractive sector.
The Strategy also provides a framework for working with the private sector to put in place environmental and social safeguards; achieve local content regulations and integrate their corporate social responsibility objectives with countries’ national development plans.
UNDP’s mission is to ensure that natural wealth is used to improve people’s lives. We will continue to work with governments, the private sector, civil society, academia, local communities and other affected groups to realise this mission.
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UNDP’s Strategy for Supporting Sustainable and Equitable Management of the Extractive Sector for Human Development
This Paper proposes a UNDP strategy to support the efforts of resource-rich developing countries to design and implement policies to harness extractive resources for sustainable development.
Development of extractive industries, around oil,gas and minerals, holds the promise of raising incomes and living standards. However, many resource-dependent countries are also unable to fully benefit from their natural wealth.
UNDP’s impartiality and convening role is important to facilitate multi-stakeholder dialogue and collaboration among communities, governments and the private sector, and through our presence in a large number of countries, UNDP has the institutional infrastructure to facilitate global cooperation.
- Helen Clark: Avoiding the resource curse: Managing extractive industries for Human Development.
- Rebeca Grynspan: Speech at the Security Council Thematic Open Debate on Conflict Prevention and Natural Resources
- Rebeca Grynspan: The role of natural resources in promoting sustainable development.
This paper presents an estimate of revenues that could have been generated, had the reforms been implemented earlier. It also provides estimates for the higher levels of revenue that the new fiscal regime is expected to generate in the future. If the reforms had been applied earlier, an additional 3.7 percent of GDP in revenue would have been raised.