Response to the crisis in South Sudan
South Sudan became a nation on 9 July 2011 after a decades-long struggle for independence. However, the widespread optimism that defined the national mood on that day has now vanished. Unresolved political conflicts, ethnic and religious tensions erupted into widespread violence across the country in December 2013, which has continued unabated to this day.
The violence has now killed thousands of people and led to the destruction of critical infrastructure, homes, farms, and businesses, which will affect livelihoods and exacerbate poverty for years to come. Hundreds of thousands of vulnerable women and children are at risk of gender based and sexual violence. At present emergency humanitarian assistance is being provided to 1.2 million people, but because of fighting and inaccessible roads two million more who need help have been unable to receive it.
More than one million people have been forced from their homes, close to 300,000 of whom are now suffering in neighbouring countries, especially Ethiopia and Uganda – putting pressure on the resources of host communities and possibly generating future tensions.
At the same time, a possible famine waits in the wings to intensify the desperate situation. If displaced farmers are unable to return to their homes soon they will be unable to grow enough food to feed the nation, worsening reliance on emergency assistance. More than 3.7 million people will face acute food insecurity if the crisis is not resolved.
The fighting will have long-lasting consequences for the country, rolling back years of development achievements and a hard won peace, increasing poverty, as well as long-term insecurity and vulnerability to future shocks. The capacity of government institutions to provide basic services, such as education, food assistance, health care – including uninterrupted access to HIV/AIDS and TB treatment, protection, and water and sanitation programmes has been seriously undermined.
UNDP's work in South Sudan
Alice* was recently widowed, left on her own with four young children. She was also pregnant and had fallen ill, so she visited her local hospital. There, testing revealed she had both HIV and tuberculosis (TB). While her father took care of the children, Alice received three months of treatment atMore stories
In a young democracy like South Sudan, most disputes are still resolved through traditional, customary structures and institutions. Alice Adye witnessed how breakdowns within state institutions, including police as well as statutory and customary courts, undermined and victimized women in ruralMore stories
For most people, moving to a new country to work can be full of surprises. But for Yenew Azale, a trained nurse from Ethiopia working in South Sudan, adjusting to a new job has included being evacuated because of intense fighting. “Not everything is as I had expected,” he says. “But I feel a greatMore stories
Around 3.7 million South Sudanese are facing acute food insecurity and this number is likely to increase.