UNDP Oslo Governance Centre support to the implementation of Sustainable Development Goal 16:
Promote Peaceful and Inclusive Societies, Provide Access to Justice and Build Effective, Accountable and Inclusive Institutions and Measuring Governance for Development Results
UNDP has been active over the years in supporting the development of governance indicators. The Oslo Governance Centre continues to play a key role in the development of the SDG16 global monitoring framework, in particular on data collection on the global level. UNDP, in collaboration with other partners, convenes and facilitates a Virtual Network for discussions and exchanges with a view to strengthening SDG 16 indicator – on the global and national level. The network brings together various experts and stakeholders, including development practitioners, statisticians, UN agencies and civil society organizations to explore existing indicators and internationally agreed instruments for measuring Goal 16. The OGC also engages other UN and international actors working on issues related to Goal 16 implementation, measurement, monitoring and reporting, such as the Praia City Group on Governance Statistics.
- OGC supported the annual meeting of the Praia City Group on Governance Statistics that took place in Paris from July 4-6, 2016 and is chairing the Praia working groups’ inputs to the Inter Agency Expert group on relevant SDG 16 indicators. The Praia City Group made up of UN Member States national statistics offices will continue to be a key actor in advising the UN Statistical Commission in its work in finalising the official SDG 16 global monitoring framework. UNDP and the OGC is an active partner to the Praia in these processes.
- Country readiness for monitoring SDG16 is a core area of work for OGC and is contributing in its active engagement and support to pilot countries developing frameworks and systems for producing data to report on Goal 16 related indicators. This is being done in partnership with civil society and intergovernmental processes, integrating global governance data initiatives and employing innovative methods for presenting governance data for national stakeholders. To supplement and complement the official data that is being produced by government and state bodies, these pilot initiatives will also integrate other governance related monitoring initiatives – for example, the governance data that countries use within the Open Government Partnership initiative and others.
Past events on SDG16
Expert Group Meeting on SDG indicators 16.6.2 and 16.7.2.
The Expert Group Meeting is taking place in Oslo, on 4 – 5 December. This meeting is focussing on two tier III indicators under UNDP’s interim custodianship: SDG 16.6.2 - proportion of the population satisfied with their last experience of public services; and SDG 16.7.2 – proportion of population who believe decision-making is inclusive and responsive, by sex, age, disability and population group. It will provide a space for reviewing and validating the work that has been done since the first Expert Group Meeting of statisticians and governance experts, convened in May 2017. Based on the conclusions and recommendations of the meeting, UNDP will refine the methodological proposals and identify further steps and actions towards an agreed metadata, informed by best practices and testing of proposed approaches and methodologies.
Brown Bag Lunch on Citizen Satisfaction Surveys in Viet Nam: What is available and how they inform SDG indicators 16.6 and 16.7
On 11 October, OGC hosted a brown bag lunch with Do Thanh Huyen, from UNDP Vietnam. Huyen was on a one month detailed assignment with OGC, working on how citizen satisfaction surveys can be used to inform the SDG indicators 16.6 and 16.7. At the brown bag lunch, she presented the main findings of her work.
Huyen's presentation constituted a unique opportunity to hear a country perspective from Viet Nam about their work in the area of citizen satisfaction surveys and how they inform governance related policies and actions and SDG16 implementation. She provided an overview of the work done in the country across national to local surveys, with a focus on UNDP’s flagship initiative ‘Provincial Governance and Public Administration Performance Index (PAPI) and the innovative Justice Index project (which aims to measure the performance of the justice system in ensuring access to justice, equality and protection of fundamental rights, based on citizens’ experiences and observations). Huyen also focused on what is meant by ‘informal vs. formal sources’ of data and shared the experience of the National Statistical Office opening up to informal data sources (like the ones mentioned above), as well as to data being generated by local governments and NGOs.
Webinar "Producing official statistics on governance, peace & security - Innovations from Africa for SDG 16 monitoring"
The webinar took place on September 13th. It represented an opportunity to hear first-hand from African statisticians on lessons learned and good practices at producing harmonized statistics on Governance, Peace and Security (GPS) across Africa. National statisticians from Kenya, Tunisia and Uganda explained what led their office to embark on this new stream of data collection, and the strategies they used to muster political commitment and to cultivate broad-based demand for GPS statistics throughout the process. Recommendations were offered to overcome some of the challenges encountered along the way.
The 2nd meeting of the Global Alliance for Reporting Progress on Peaceful, Just, and Inclusive Societies, 7-8 September, 2017
This Global Alliance meeting opened in Oslo with over 100 representatives from government, civil society and the private sector in the ECIS regions and other countries globally to share experiences on monitoring and reporting progress on peaceful, just, and inclusive societies, as reflected in SDG16 and across other goals. The meeting was opened by the Norwegian State Secretary for Foreign Affairs, Tone Skogen who spoke about the importance of SDG16 as the cornerstone of the 2030 Agenda and the need for reliable networks of expertise to effectively monitor and report on this important enabling goal. Opening remarks were also made by Frank la Rue, Assistant Director-General for Communication and Information, UNESCO who stressed the importance of having well informed societies and freedom for citizens to freely express opinions.
This meeting was hosted by the Norwegian Government with the support of UNDP and its Oslo Governance Centre. This event enabled participants to exchange experiences, approaches and tools on country specific methodologies for monitoring and reporting most relevant to their contexts and as part of the overall approach to SDG implementation.
Civil Society Meeting: Monitoring and Reporting Progress on Peaceful, Just, and Inclusive Societies Initiative of the Global Alliance
On September 6th, OGC hosted the "Civil Society Meeting: Monitoring and Reporting Progress on Peaceful, Just, and Inclusive Societies Initiative of the Global Alliance for Reporting Progress on Peaceful, Just, and Inclusive Societies".
The meeting took place in advance of the Global Alliance meeting in Oslo (7-8 September, 2017). Structured as an informal networking event, it brought together civil society representatives who are participating in the Global Alliance meeting and gave them an opportunity to get to know other participants.
This gathering also helped to better understand the purpose of the Global Alliance workshop and the importance of the civil society role in it, in addition to enabling CSOs to inform the Global Alliance on their ideas and concerns prior to the event. Furthermore, the meeting helped in identifying shared priorities, main messages to convey during the workshop, and coordinate strategies to advance in the various panel discussions, thematic working groups, as well as country working groups.
Meeting on the role of the private sector in promoting peaceful, just and inclusive societies
On August 30th, 2017, OGC hosted a meeting with representatives from some of the biggest and most well respected Norwegian private sector companies (Telenor, Yara, Statoil, Veidekke and Pure Consulting) to begin a dialogue on the private sector’s contribution to the SDGs, in particular SDG 16.
The purpose of the meeting was to discuss the role of the private sector in promoting peaceful, just and inclusive societies. Coming ahead of the upcoming Global Alliance meeting in Oslo (7-8 September, 2017), it was organised to begin a dialogue with the private sector on their role and contribution to the SDG implementation and in particular on SDG 16, which is considered an enabler for the entire agenda.
Round table "SDG 16 and New Approaches to Address Inequalities"
A round table on "SDG 16 and New Approaches to Address Inequalities" took place on August 23rd, 2017, during the EADI Nordic Conference, Bergen. The round table examined the opportunities and challenges presented by SDG 16 to address inequalities in a globalized world. For more information, click HERE.
Expert Group Meeting on Tier III Indicators for SDG 16.6 and 16.7
An Expert Group Meeting of statisticians and governance experts was convened on 9-10 May 2017 by UNDP and the Praia City Group secretariat, and hosted by Statistics Norway (a Praia City Group member), to further the methodological development of three tier 3 indicators under Sustainable Development Goal 16 on Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions, for which UNDP has assumed interim custodianship:
- 16.6.2 – Proportion of the population satisfied with their last experience of public services
- 16.7.1 – Proportions of positions (by sex, age, persons with disabilities and population groups) in public institutions (national and local legislatures, public service, and judiciary) compared to national distributions
- 16.7.2 – Proportion of population who believe decision-making is inclusive and responsive, by sex, age, disability and population group
There were 40 participants in the meeting, mostly members of the Praia City Group on Governance Statistics as well as academic, government and civil society experts with experience across the three indicator areas under discussion.
As an interim custodian for these three indicators, UNDP’s aim in facilitating this year-long discussion around these three indicators is to support the formulation of a widely agreed definition and metadata sheet for each indicator, which should be submitted to the UN Statistical Commission (UNSC) through the Praia City Group on Governance Statistics and the Inter-Agency and Expert Group on SDG indicators (IAEG-SDGs) by the end of 2017.
The report of the Expert Group Meeting is available here.
Webinar: Why SDG 16 matters to the African Great Lakes Region?
In September, 2015, World Leaders adopted the transformational 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, with an ambitious set of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and targets. The SDG 16 urges us to promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels. The SDG 16 is of particular importance for the 12 Member States (Angola, Burundi, Central African Republic, DR Congo, Kenya, Republic of Congo, Rwanda, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia) of the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR) against the backdrop of past recurrent crises as well as ongoing conflicts in Burundi, CAR, South Sudan and eastern DRC.
The webinar analysed opportunities and challenges for effective implementation of the SDG 16 in the GLR and addressed the following questions:
- What will be the added value of SDG 16 ten years after the signing of the ICGLR Pact on Security, Stability and Developmentand its ten Protocols?
- What are the lessons learned from the ICGLR process to ensure successful implementation of SDG 16?
- Based on ongoing ICGLR initiatives on fighting Youth unemployment and illegal exploitation of natural resources / extractive industries as examples of collaborative regional commitments to address root causes of conflicts, what policy options emerge from the Great Lakes Region?
Program and introduction of speakers: Click Here
The webinar is available on YouTube
Expert Meeting on Measuring SDG 16 Targets on Peace, Inclusion and Freedom
On 28-29 January, 2016, UNDP’s Oslo Governance Center (OGC) and the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO) convened an expert meeting to consider in detail the choice among various indicators for Goal 16 of the SDGs, on peace, justice and accountable institutions. The meeting was attended by 78 representatives from National Statistical Offices (NSOs), governments, multilateral agencies, research and policy institutions, and civil society organizations.
The expert meeting focused in particular on targets 16.1 on violence, 16.3 on justice, 16.7 on inclusiveness, and 16.10 on fundamental freedoms. In the discussions, both administrative and survey indicators were identified that were considered ‒ on conceptual, methodological, practical or statistical grounds ‒ to be preferable alternatives, or essential complements, to the those presently prioritized.
The report from the meeting is avalible HERE
Read the full program HERE
Goal 16 –The Indicators We Want: Download HERE
Other key resources from the meeting:
SDG 16: Where are we? (Gary Milante, SIPRI).
The UCDP Armed Conflict definition (Erik Melander, UCDP).
Conceptualizing conflict through events (Clionadh Raleigh, University of Sussex).
The UCDP battle related deaths database (Margareta Sollenberg, UCDP).
Measuring conflict and violence for policy and research (Anke Hoeffler, Oxford University).
Going beyond crime: How to deliver justice for all (Stacey Cram, NAMATI).
Beyond administrative data (Jana Schuhmann, UNDP).
An empirical prioritization of key Goal 16 indicators (Mark Orkin, University of the Witwatersrand, Former National Statistician of South Africa).
Comments: Andrew Mack, Simon Fraser University.
Leah Wawro (Transparency International).
Seminar: The Sustainable Development Goals & Human Rights
The UNDP Oslo Governance Centre (OGC) with the Norwegian Centre for Human Rights (NCHR) organized a seminar on the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and Human Rights on 23 October, 2015.
This seminar, attended by a large and diverse gathering, showcased presentations from Norad, NCHR, the Danish Institute for Human Rights as well as from Alejandro Alvarez from the Rule of Law, Justice, Security and Human Rights Team, UNDP who spoke on implementing Goal 16 and the challenges and opportunities it presented. Sarah Lister, Director of UNDP’s OGC welcomed the participants and spoke about how this event responded to the wider question of how and to what extent it was possible to integrate a human rights approach in the new global goals. The event and lively exchange that followed explored the design and implementation of the SDGs and the potential relationship with human rights and SDG 16 on governance, peace and inclusion.
OGC organized Webinar: ‘Knowledge: the new inequality and governance challenge for the Global Goals?’
OGC and the Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex organized a webinar on 22 October 2015, addressing the central question of how whether and how knowledge is the new inequality and governance challenge for the SDGs. This webinar was organised against the backdrop of the recent IDS publication (March 2015): ‘The Future of Knowledge Sharing in a Digital Age: Exploring Impacts and Policy Implications for Development’.
Attended by 64 online participants it provided the opportunity to hear about knowledge sharing and its potential impact on people’s lives and how it was likely to contribute to or damage development agendas over the next 15 years. Both the positive and negative implications that an increasingly digital world hold for achieving global development goals were discussed and the case made for greater attention to be paid to these on the part of the international community especially in relation to democratic governance, institutional accountability, responsiveness and transparency. The full recording of this event is available on the OGC YouTube channel here.