Project Formulation, Financing and Implementation

Project formulation, financing and implementation
Photo: UNDP

UNDP’s Adaptation Programme also currently supports more than 75 countries and is growing. UNDP promotes the development of system-wide capacities of national, sub-national and community level partners to adapt to climate change. This includes assisting countries to access, sequence and combine resources from multiple sources of funds for adaptation. Together with partners, UNDP supports pilot adaptation measures in agriculture and food security, water resources and quality, coastal zone development, public health, natural resource management and climate-related disaster management, while incorporating other cross-cutting issues (i.e. gender, energy, ecosystems).

With a field presence in more than 160 countries and a UN coordinating mandate, UNDP is uniquely placed to assist developing countries in leveraging financing, in order to meet their national development. UNDP works to develop, combine and sequence a range of innovative institutional, regulatory and market-based instruments to promote direct investments for strategic interventions in climate-resilient development, including the structuring of and access to additional sources of finance. Among its sources of funds, UNDP supports countries in mobilizing financing through the Adaptation Fund as a Multilateral Implementing Agency, and through the Global Environmental Facility (GEF), in three funds: Least Developed Country Fund, (LDCF), Special Climate Change Fund, (or SCCF), and the Strategic Priority Fund of the GEF Trust Fund (SPA).

UNDP activities include the development of enabling environments and help to ensure that overarching national planning and fiscal policies continually and routinely consider climate change risks. Support is also provided at the sub-national and local level. UNDP works to assist sub-national authorities (regions and cities) in developing countries by building their capacity to design and implement climate change strategies and investment plans, through the umbrella project “Down to Earth: Territorial approach to Climate Change.” Community-based Adaptation also helps to build the resilience of communities and the ecosystems upon which they rely in the face of climate change impacts.

Currently, grant resources are being mobilized from multilateral and bilateral sources including the Global Environment Facility, and the Governments of Denmark, Japan, Norway and Spain. These resources are complemented with co-financing leveraged by UNDP from various sources in support of baseline development needs.

Related Publications and Resources

  • 2015 UNDP-GEF Annual Performance ReportMay 31, 20162015 UNDP-GEF Annual Performance ReportThis performance report UNDP-GEF Unit provides a) a snapshot of progress made toward development and environment benefits by projects in each region in 2015; b) highlights progress made in addressing women, work and the environment and c)demonstrates the services UNDP provides to the vertical funds that it is accredited to, in particular the Global Environment Facility.

  • Jul 14, 2010A Framework for Climate FinanceThis paper outlines a climate finance framework to assist developing countries to move to low-emissions, climate-resilient growth paths. UNDP is proposing a country-driven, multi-stakeholder climate finance framework to assist developing countries to scale up efforts to address climate change in a way that strengthens and advances national development priorities.

  • Oct 21, 2010AAP: A Cross Practice ApproachThe African Adaptation Programme is not an adaptation project in its own right, but rather a programme that helps countries develop their capacities to finance and manage adaptation projects more effectively within a long-term planning framework. This brochure describes the approach.

  • Dec 1, 2010AAP: UNDP and JICAThis flyer describes some of the areas of collaboration between UNDP and Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) in their work on climate change and the Africa Adaptation Programme (AAP).

  • Apr 16, 2013AAP: Voices from the GroundThe Africa Adaptation Programme (AAP) is a strategic climate change initiative designed to help create more informed climate change adaptation decision-making and more effective implementation of those decisions in each of the 20 participating countries. This document gathers media coverage of the AAP and describes some of the on the ground experiences of the programme.

  • Nov 30, 2009Adaptation that accelerates developmentThis brochure summarizes how the United Nations Development Programme promotes pro-poor and pro-growth adaptation that encourages sustainable economic development and livelihoods in the face of climate change.

  • Adapting from the Ground Up: Enabling Small Businesses in Developing Countries to Adapt to Climate ChangeDec 7, 2015Adapting from the Ground Up: Enabling Small Businesses in Developing Countries to Adapt to Climate ChangeAdapting from the ground up: A new perspective on private sector engagement in resilience, is a joint report from the World Resources Institute and UNDP. The report explains the reasons why building a resilient private sector is vital to building resilient communities.

  • Apr 1, 2011Adapting to CC: UNDP-GEF Initiatives Financed by the LDCF, SCCF and SPAThis Report focuses on principles underlying the UNDP-GEF approach to adaptation programming and the key processes involved in removing barriers to successful adaptation measures.

  • Apr 20, 2011Adapting to Climate ChangeThe Report showcases the UNDP-GEF adaptation portfolio, focusing on both the principles underlying the UNDP-GEF approach to adaptation programming and the key processes involved in removing barriers to successful adaptation measures. The report highlights emerging achievements of UNDP-GEF initiatives around the world and explores the future of low-emission climate-resilient development.

  • Jul 1, 2010Advancing CCA in Developing Countries: The UNDP-GEF Adaptation PortfolioOverview of UNDP’s support to adaptation initiatives in developing countries funded by GEF-managed UNFCCC funds – LDCF and SCCF, and the GEF Trust Fund’s SPA.

Projects and Initiatives

GEF-funded adaptation initiatives: The GEF was established to forge international cooperation and finance actions to address critical threats to the global environment.


National Capacity Self Assessments: A GEF-UNDP-UNEP support programme to enable countries to make a self-assessment of their capacity needs and prepare a national capacity action plan.


NAPA: A UNFCCC fund, managed by GEF, provides a process for Least Developed Contries to identify priority activities that respon to their urgent and dimmediate needs with regard to adaptation.


National Communications Support Programme: Funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and jointly managed by UNDP and UNEP, the programme provides technical and policy support to countries preparing National Communications.


Africa Adaptation Programme: UNDP, with funding from the Government of Japan, recently launched a new programme that uses an innovative approach to climate change adaptation in Africa.


Community-based adaptation: The UNDP-GEF Community-Based Adaptation Project pilots building the resilience of communities and the ecosystems they rely upon.


Support for Low-carbon and Climate Resilient Development Strategies


MDG Achievement Fund: Through the MDG Achievement Fund countries can seek support for activities to reduce poverty and enhance capacity to adapt to climate change.