Integrating Climate Change Risks into National Development Processes and UN Country Programming
UNDP’s Climate Change Strategy promotes the “Integration of climate change into UN and UNDP development assistance at the global, regional and national levels.” As part of this, UNDP’s Environment & Energy Group developed a $1.2 million project funded by the Government of Spain. The project supported activities in five countries, Cape Verde, Colombia, El Salvador, Malawi, and Nicaragua, and was implemented in collaboration with UNDP’s Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery (BCPR) and UNEP-Risoe.
The objective of the project was to support UNDP Country Offices, UN Country Teams (UNCTs) and partner countries in integrating climate change risk considerations into national development plans and long-term planning. The project involved evaluating UN programming documents (UNDAF, and other multi-agency programmes and projects) and national development plans (PRSPs, and other projects and strategies) for climate risks and opportunities, and proposing response options to manage these risks. The project team then organized workshops to build capacity on climate change and raise awareness on the importance of integrating climate change risks into development activities. Lessons learned from all five countries were synthesised and disseminated widely through the Adaptation Learning Mechanism (ALM) and other networks.
Cape Verde is a ‘Delivering as One’ pilot country, where the UN family is testing how it can deliver in a more coordinated way at the country level. Activities with the UN Country Team began in 2008, with a risk screening report and response options formulated in the context of the One UN Programme Document, followed by a capacity development workshop for UN staff. Recently finalised activities with the Cape Verde Government focused on the country’s Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper. Representatives from government ministries, national institutions, the University of Cape Verde, the private sector, NGOs, bilateral donor (Spain, Portugal and France) and UN Agencies attended the final workshop in Praia in June 2010. More information on the project in Cape Verde can be obtained here.
The project team completed the risk screening analysis of the Colombia’s UN Development Assistance Framework and 11 additional UN projects and government policies and development plans. The team organized a two-day capacity development workshop in July 2009 entitled ‘National Dialogue on Poverty and Climate Change’. As a result of the project, an Interagency Group on Climate Change (GICC) was created to raise awareness of the need to integrate climate change and to initiate its process within all UN Agencies in the Country. The project team organized additional workshops, discussion breakfasts and trainings for heads of UN agencies and institutions closely working with UN Agencies. More information on the project in Colombia can be obtained here.
The El Salvador project team organized five capacity development workshops to direct attention of UN agency staff and government stakeholders to activities that may be at risk from climate change. The team selected three documents for a risk screening analysis: the UNDAF, the Interagency Programme on Food Security and Nutrition (ISAN) and the ‘2010 Rules of Funding Eligibility’ of the Fondo de la Iniciativa para las Américas de El Salvador (FIAES), a national institution that supports environmental conservation projects. The project team assisted in developing the 2010 Rules of Funding Eligibility, which now fully take climate change considerations into account—the first document of its kind on the continent. More information on project in El Salvador can be obtained here.
The project team screened three project/programmes in Malawi for climate risks: the UNDAF, the Malawi Growth and Development Strategy and the Agriculture Sector-wide Approach. The team organized a final workshop organized in November 2009 to raise awareness on climate change mainstreaming and to discuss the results of the screening report. More information on the project in Malawi can be obtained here.
The project team in Nicaragua evaluated the UNDAF and selected sections of the National Human Development Plan. The team organized workshops with UN and government participants to build capacity and raise awareness on the importance of integrating climate change. In addition, the team coordinated four meetings with representatives of UN agencies to validate the findings of the UNDAF (2008-2010) risk screening report and to ensure that the report’s findings could be integrated in the next UNDAF. More information on the project in Nicaragua can be obtained here.
For further information contact:
Environment & Energy Group
United Nations Development Programme