Zambia is landlocked and is situated in the central-southern region of Africa. It lies between latitudes 8 (Degrees) and 18 Degrees south and longitudes 22 Degrees and 34 degrees east and occupies a land area of approximately 753,000 kilometres. It has a population of approximately 10 million people, of whom 85% are rural. Its neighbours are: Tanzania on the north eastern side, the Democratic Republic of Congo in the north, Malawi in the east, Mozambique in the south east, Zimbabwe in the south, Botswana in the south west, Namibia and Angola in the western part.
In terms of climate, Zambia has a warm-cool climate with three distinct seasons: the dry season (April-mid August), the hot and dry season (mid August-early November) and the wet season (mid November-March).
Zambia has undergone three economic phases: A mixed-type economy at independence followed by a socialist-oriented economy and then the current free-market economy, supported by open market macroeconomic policies, ushered in by the return to plural politics in 1991.
Although Zambia is a low income country, with annual GDP per capita in the range of US$ 300-400 (1998-2002 statistics), its national vision is to become a prosperous middle-income country by 2030. To ensure the realisation of this vision, the Government has developed the Fifth National Development Plan (FNDP) 2006-2010 with the theme, “Broad-based wealth and job creation through citizenry participation and technological advancement”.
The four major sectors of the Zambian economy are agriculture, mining, manufacturing and tourism, with mining being the single largest contributor to GDP.
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